月份:2019年5月

化学化工学院第六届化学竞赛圆满落幕

为深入贯彻落实《关于推进理论教学改革的指点意见》,完善理论教学体系,普及先生现实着手才能,5月9日上午,化学化工学院于格理楼4310、4312举行第六届化学知识竞赛决赛。该院副院长丁世敏和部分优秀实行老师担任此次竞赛的评委。 据悉,此次竞赛分为业余组与非业余组,业余组分为理论测验与实行驾御两个赛程,非业余组则只举行理论测验。通过前期理论测验升级决赛的选手将随机分组举行实行,旨在考核先生着手及勾结协作的才能。 胆大心小探真知 整个赛场,充斥着一种争分夺秒的紧迫感,无形中又产生一股竞争的气氛。同窗们在驾御上表示得尤其谨慎和专注,高年级先生表示得更为稳健、谙练,充足展现严谨详尽的实行作风:当真的刷洗、准确的称量、细心的滴定…整个实行室都沉浸在当真而又详尽的驾御气氛中。虽然仍有一部分同窗在一开始举行实行驾御时稍显紧张,但都很快调整状态,全身心的投入到实行驾御中。 进程中,各小组选手小声商讨,精诚合作,怀着严谨的迷信立场,当真详尽,都圆满地完成实行,赢得监考老师的一致好评。 师生同场共进退 决赛实行驾御期间,该院副院长丁世敏亲临测验现场为参赛选手加油鼓气,在巡查进程中瞥见参赛选手收视反听地做实行时,脸上不由得显露了满意的浅笑。同时,他还向参赛选手提出建议:实行室最讲究的是“安全第一”,希望每位参赛选手都能正确驾御实行仪器,以避免
产生
意外事故。 同时,监考教员严格考核选手的才能,对驾御技能的谙练程度、基础知识的掌握等举行公正评分。他们耐心的指点也为竞赛的有序举行创造了有利的条件。 赛后激动亦播种 实行带给选手们的不仅是成长,更是激动——为这次历练的成长而激动,为背后默默工作的教员们而激动。在此次竞赛中,有一样平常同窗出现失误驾御,一旁的监考教员尤其注重,为提醒参赛选手纠正这些过错驾御,监考老师待选手驾御完毕,向参赛选手指出其过错的驾御,并就刚刚发现的各种过错驾御易产生
的危害向选手们耐心地讲解。 实行之后有同窗们说到:“虽然本身做了很多次实行,但仍有一些细节问题没有失掉本身的注重。很谢谢教员能指出我过错的实行驾御,并讲解了许多实行驾御时应该留意的问题。这次化学知识竞赛让我收获颇丰,我播种的不单单只是比赛结果,而是在竞赛进程中深造到的勾结合作的肉体,和
无论做什么事情都应该像做实行一样秉承严谨详尽的立场。” 至此,第六届化学知识竞赛圆满落幕。该院一直秉承着“从生活走进化学,从化学走向社会”的教学理念,旨在普及先生的综合素质和业余素养。为培养先生的业余兴趣和专研肉体,一直不竭的为先生打造更高的平台。此次竞赛的胜利举办充足展示了该院先生敢于理论超越的风貌,同时也对普及先生理论使用才能,激发先生深造化学的积极性存在重要意义。

Categories: 狗万客服

离退休老同志载歌载舞欢庆“敬老月”

  10月29日下午,由我校离退休工作处、校工会主理的为庆祝第一个“敬老月”老年文体运动在老校区灯光球场隆重举行。校党委副书记聂应德缺席运动并讲话,谢谢老同志为学校的发展建设做出的进献,谢谢学校各职能部门为老同志们“老有所乐、老有所养、老有所医、老有所为”所做的工作和提供的条件。众多离退休同志参加了文艺表演,川北医学院、南充职业技术学院的有关人员也应邀前来助阵。   枫叶合唱团带来的《把一切献给党》拉开运动帷幕。在校大学生和老同志们共同演绎的旦角齐唱《霸王别姬·梨花颂》让人如痴如醉,表演者技艺不凡,让人切实感受到年轻人对传统文化的传承和发扬。跳舞《北风吹·窗花舞》、《川北民俗舞》,诗朗诵《乡愁·月之家乡》、《敬老月随想》,京剧演唱《劝千岁》、《智斗》,二十四式太极拳表演,三十二式太极剑,太极功夫扇……老同志们个个身穿节日的盛装,斗志昂扬
,精神抖擞,精彩的节目让人应接不暇,观众连连拍手叫好。   在运动现场,记者采访了校党委副书记聂应德。他表示,尊老、敬老、爱老、助老是中华民族的传统美德,家家有老人、人人都会老,老同志是咱们学校事业的有功之臣,学校不会忘记他们。他以为,加强老年文化体育运动是新时期做好老年工作的重要内容,为老年人发明优秀的生活环境也是咱们的应尽之责,但愿全校师生都来关心、支持这项工作。   离退休老同志也纷纭道出心声,以为这类运动让他们感受到了来自学校这个小家庭的暖和,他们将充分发挥本身的余热,为学校建设进献本身的力量。           

Categories: 九卅娱乐

音乐艺术教育:推进大学师生素质教育的重要内容

随着社会发展对人材素质的要求进步,素质教诲日趋
成为人们关注的焦点,高校素质教诲将如何发展?学校于近日举行三场座谈会,别离结构艺术迷信、自然迷信、人文社会迷信学科的师生,就我校发展音乐艺术教诲问题举行热烈会商。师生统一认为,音乐艺术教诲是推动
大学师生素质教诲的重要内容和形式。   艺术教诲学院师生在座谈时说,艺术教诲、素质教诲在高校教诲中比较柔弱虚弱,而音乐教诲于艺术教诲,艺术教诲于素质教诲,都占很重要的地位。要施展我校综合性大学艺术教诲和研究的上风,在全部
师生员工中发展音乐艺术教诲,进步师生员工素质。   艺术教诲学院林发展、苏力老师说,厦门大学在1983年就创办了艺术教诲学院,是改革开放后世界综合性大学中最早创办的艺术学院并有本身的特色,学科建设、人材建设走在世界前列,著名作曲家鲍元恺教学、著名指挥家郑小瑛教学就在厦大执教。学院除要搞好业余教诲外,还要为全校发展广泛的艺术教诲工作办事,面向全校开好音乐课、美术课。   音乐系副系主任王义彬等认为,厦大已开设很多关于音乐艺术的公共课,但还可再晋升,把全校的音乐、美育资源整合起来,形成一套系统的为全校先生开设的课程。组建厦门大学艺术教诲中心,依靠艺术教诲学院的力气,整合业余老师的资源,鞭策全校的艺术教诲。   廖美群、陈卫老师等就如何用音乐的灵性教诲激起
先生的创造力、加强对我国本民族音乐艺术的挖掘和创新等问题提出了看法。   音乐系王艳、赖爱静同等窗说,一方面要利用综合性大学的环境进步我们的艺术学习,另一方面利用其业余上风影响其余业余的先生对艺术的了解和热爱,增进艺术业余和其余业余同窗的交换
。   音乐系毕业的徐姗娜、李招淡老师谈了把艺术较好运用于管理工作的体会。   法学院的同窗认为,古希腊的雅典和斯巴达非常重视音乐和体育,体育使人身体强健,音乐使人的灵魂涵养得以升华,所以他们成为那时最强盛的城邦。音乐艺术不仅是个人涵养的问题,也和国家治理密切相干
。音乐需求音律和节奏,强调高中低音的协调,拒绝杂乱无章,这与法制国家的精神是统一的。   外文学院博士生陈明芳说,有音乐和艺术,人生才会比较空虚。音乐与学科教诲之间的关系是非常重要的,比较成功的幼儿教诲教材都是把音乐教诲溶入到教材中去。   自然迷信学科的同窗在座谈时也踊跃发言。大家认为,无论文理,每种迷信都是一门艺术,业余研究等于追求艺术的过程。对以理性思想为主的理工科先生来说,艺术是一种发散性思想,存在很强的指导意义,一方面它培育本身在业余学习中的灵性,另一方面它也能培育个人的细致的情绪、与人疏浚的能力、塑造完美的人品。可以说,艺术是迷信的,迷信也是艺术的。   同窗们还提出,要让文雅艺术深化高校校园,防止一些颓废、暴力的文化侵蚀大先生的心灵。 (卢明辉 陈浪 郑莉 张薇)

Categories: 狗万代理

2009年美国的人权纪录

       2010年3月12日,国务院新闻办公室在新华网发布《2009年美国的人权纪录》,现将全文转载如下: 2009年美国的人权纪录 国务院新闻办公室    2010年3月12日        2010年3月11日,美国国务院揭晓《2009年国别人权讲演》,再次以“世界人权法官”自居,对包孕中国在内的世界190多个国度和地域的人权情况举行指责,而对本身
非常糟的人权纪录熟视无睹、回避掩饰。为了让世界群众了解实在的美国人权情况,咱们揭晓《2009年美国的人权纪录》。   一、关于生命、财富和人身安全   美国社会暴力犯法
重大,国民的生命、财富和人身安全缺少应有的保障。   美国司法部2009年9月的讲演显现,美国12岁以上国民2008年共经历490万起暴力犯法
,1630万起财富犯法
,13.7万起团体盗窃犯法
,此中暴力犯法
的产生
率为每千人19.3起。(注1)除交通肇事外,2008年,美国共逮捕了1400多万名犯法
分子,此中每10万人有198.2人因暴力犯法
被捕。(注2)2009年,费城共产生
了35起家庭凶杀案,比2008年同比增进67%。(注3)纽约市有记载的谋杀案为461起,均匀10万人中的犯法
案为1151起。得克萨斯州的圣安东尼奥市均匀10万人中的犯法
案为2538起,被以为是美国25座大都会中最危险的都会。(注4)2008年,生齿低于10000人的城镇谋杀案回升了5.5%。(注5)美国每一年产生
在都会的谋杀案达15000起,主要集中在比较贫穷的社区。(注6)   美国私家具有
枪枝数量居世界第一。美国联邦考察局及酒、烟和火器局统计显现,美国3.09亿生齿具有
近2.5亿支枪,大部分具有
枪枝的人都有1支以上的枪。美国人每一年购置70亿发枪弹,2008年回升到90亿发。(注7)美国法律许可飞机乘客经过申报后赐顾帮衬未装弹药的兵器。   在美国,每一年约有3万人死于各类枪击事情。(注8)美国联邦考察局的讲演显现,2008年,美国共有14180人死于枪杀案。(注9)罪犯在谋杀案、抢劫案和恶性攻打案中运用枪枝等兵器的别离占66.9%、43.5%和21.4%。(注10)《昔日美国报》报导,2009年3月11日,麦克林顿在亚拉巴马州的两个镇杀害包孕家属在内的10人后他杀。(注11)3月29日,罗伯特•斯图尔特在北卡罗来纳州穆尔县一所高级疗养院枪杀8人、打伤3人。4月3日,在纽约州宾厄姆顿市一家移民服务核心,42岁的王林发向正在上英语课的师生开枪射击,形成13人殒命,4人受伤。(注12)2009年,不断产生
的袭警事情使人震惊。3月21日,加利福尼亚州奥克兰市一名26岁赋闲良人担忧入狱,枪杀4名警员后被警方击毙。(注13)4月4日,波普瓦夫斯基在宾夕法尼亚州匹兹堡市开枪杀害3名差人。11月29日,弛刑获释的莫里斯•克莱蒙斯在华盛顿州帕克兰一家咖啡馆枪击4名差人。(注14)   枪击案蔓延到学校且不断升级,校园成为暴力犯法
的重灾区。美国传统基金会的讲演表明,2007至2008学年,华盛顿特区11.3%的高中生曾在校园中经历过枪枝等兵器的要挟;华盛顿特区公校因遭受
暴力犯法
事情拨打抢救德律风900屡次;(注15)新泽西州公校产生
17666起暴力事情。(注16)纽约市立大学5所学院2006至2007年间产生
恶性犯法
案件达107起。(注17)   二、关于国民权益和政治权益   美国政府限定、加害国民权益和政治权益的情况相当重大。   美国差人施暴重大。据《芝加哥保卫者报》2009年7月8日报导,纽约市有315名差人因在执法进程中滥施暴力而受外部

暮气监管企图的监视。2007年,受监视的差人惟独210人。从前两年来,纽约差人局因招致过多民众不满而接收外部

暮气审查的差人人数回升了50%。纽约差人局2009年11月17日的讲演显现,纽约市差人2007年发射588发枪弹,形成10人殒命;2008年发射354发枪弹,形成13人殒命。(注18)2009年9月3日,4名差人用警棍、泰瑟枪殴打圣何塞州立大学先生胡方10次以上。(注19)9月22日,一名中国留先生在俄勒冈州尤金市遭一名警员无端殴打。(注20)据大赦国际统计,2009年1至10月,美国警方过度运用泰瑟枪招致45人殒命,殒命者中最小年齿15岁。从2001年到2009年10月,有389人因警方运用泰瑟枪致死。(注21)   美国执法人员滥用职权。2009年7月,联邦考察局考察了首都华盛顿地域4名延续几年从本地毒贩开设的赌场收取保护费的差人。(注22)9月,芝加哥一名休班差人以巴士司机妨碍其自行车道为由对其举行殴打。(注23)同月,芝加哥差人局特别行动组4名前差人被告状以执行公务为名,用多种体式格局敲诈勒索犯法
嫌疑人近50万美圆,并屡次行贿上级主管。(注24)11月,乔治王子县一差人局前局长因私自贩卖缴获的盗窃枪枝而被控有罪。(注25)在美国大都会,每一年有100多万行人在街上被差人叫住盘查、询问、搜身和搜包,这个数字比几年前增进了良多。(注26)   美国牢狱人满为患。据美国司法部2009年12月8日讲演,到2008年末,美国共有730万人被关押在牢狱、看守所或处于缓刑或假释中,比2007年下跌了0.5%。(注27)此中,230万人在牢狱服刑,即每198位美国人中就有1人在服刑。从2000至2008年,美国牢狱人数均匀每一年下跌1.8%。(注28)因为加州牢狱人满为患的压力和愈来愈
差的财政情况,加利福尼亚州政府拟将上万名非法移民送往墨西哥的牢狱。(注29)   犯人基础权益得不到保障。狱警强暴犯人的征象普遍具有。美国司法部指出,在93家联邦牢狱中,牢狱事情人员对罪犯举行性加害的事情在从前8年中添加了一倍。在被告状对犯人举行性虐待的90名牢狱事情人员中,有40%的人还被判犯有其余罪行。(注30)据《纽约时报》2009年6月24日报导,经由进程对63000多名州和联邦牢狱犯人的考察显现,4.5%的犯人在从前12个月内至多遭受一次性虐待,估计美国至多产生
6万起针对犯人的强暴案。(注31)   牢狱办理混乱,疾病蔓延。美国司法部的讲演显现,2008年末,美国联邦和各州立牢狱中共有20231名男性犯人和1913名女性犯报答艾滋病毒赐顾帮衬者,别离占男女犯人的1.5%和1.9%。(注32)2007至2008年,加利福尼亚州牢狱犯人的艾滋病毒赐顾帮衬者添加了246人,密苏里州添加了169人,佛罗里达州添加了166人。2007年,联邦和各州立牢狱共有130多名犯人因艾滋病殒命。(注33)人权视察2009年3月的一份讲演指出,纽约州牢狱艾滋病毒赐顾帮衬者的人数大大多于其余大部分州,这些人没法得到照应医治,甚至被别离关押,谢绝提供任何医治。(注34)   美国一方面在世界上极力兜售“言论自在”、“新闻自在”、“互联网自在”,另外一方面却完全依照美国本身的优点和需要,不择手腕地监控、限定国民的自在权益。   美国国民接收、传播信息的自在受到严正监控。据报导,美国国度安全局早在2001年就在国内装置专门的窃听设备,监听德律风、传真和电子邮件,收集国内的通信信息。这一名目起初只是针对阿拉伯裔美国人,后来逐渐扩大到其余普通国民。在美国的密苏里州的圣何塞、圣地亚哥、西雅图、洛杉矶、芝加哥等地装置的监听设备超过25台。近日,美国国度安全局正耗资15亿美圆在犹他州威廉姆斯营建立一个百万平方英尺的数据库,在圣安东尼奥建设另外一个海量数据库,作为其新成立的网络司令部的首要组成部分。一位名叫诺基奥的人因谢绝加入该企图而被告状犯有19项内幕交易罪并被判处6年徒刑。(注35)   “9•11”事情后,美国政府打着反恐的旗号,受权情报零碎侵入国民的邮件通信,并经由进程技术手腕全面监控和强制删除网络中要挟美国国度优点的信息。依照美国《爱国者法案》,差人机构有权搜索德律风、电子邮件通信、医疗、财政和其余品种的记载;增强了差人和移民办理单位扣押、摈除被怀疑与恐怖主义无关的外籍人士的权力。该法案延误了恐怖主义的定义,扩大了差人机构可管辖的规模。2008年7月9日,美国参议院经由进程的新版窃听法案,给予参与窃听名目的电信公司法律豁免权,同时许可美国政府以反恐为由在未经法庭批准的情况下,可以

呐喊对通信一方在美国境外的国际间通信举行窃听。(注36)据统计,美国联邦考察局在2002至2006年间,经由进程邮件、条子和德律风等渠道,盗取
数千份美国国民的通信记载。2009年9月,美国设立了卖力互联网安全的监管部门,更加重了美国国民对政府会以维护互联网安全为由对私家零碎举行干预和监管的忧愁
。美国一位政府官员在2009年4月接收《纽约时报》采访时否认,美国国度安全局近月来拦阻和监听美国国民电子邮件和德律风的行为已超越美国国会2008年设下的限定规模。除此之外,他们还奥秘监听别国政治人物、国际组织官员、知名记者等的德律风。(注37)美国军方也参与实行监控。据美国有线新闻网报导,总部设在弗吉尼亚州的美国军方网络危险评估机构,卖力监控民间和非民间的团体博客、民间文件、私家联系信息、兵器照片、军营出口以及其余“可能要挟国度安全”的网站。   美国所谓的“新闻自在”,实际上完全遵从于美国优点,是美国政府操控下的“自在”。据报导,美国政府和五角大楼曾有意安插一批入伍军官,在美国各大广播电视媒体担负评论员,以“军事专家”的身份,对伊拉克和平和阿富汗和平给出“积极评估”和分析,试图疏导舆论,美化和平,让公共认同其“反恐”理念,从而获取支撑。(注38)2009年末,美国国会经由进程一项法案,以传播反美内容、煽动暴力为由,对中东地域数家阿拉伯卫星电视频道举行制裁。(注39)2009年9月,在美国匹兹堡召开20国集团辅导人会议时,反资本主义抗议者运用“推特”和手机短信组织群众集会,与警方产生
几次冲突。41岁的艾略特•麦迪逊随后被控经由进程网络帮忙抗议者逃避逮捕,警方还查抄了他的住所。(注40)宾夕法尼亚州美国国民自在同盟
卖力人维克•瓦尔扎克称,如果一样的事情产生
在别的国度,就会被称为加害人权,但在美国,却被称为须要的预防犯法
办法。   三、关于经济、社会和文化权益   美国的贫穷、赋闲、无家可归者等问题重大,休息者的经济、社会、文化权益得不到保障。   美国赋闲率创26年新高。受金融危机的影响,美国破产企业和团体数量不断回升。美联社2009年4月报导,从前12个月内美国申请破产保护的企业和团体总数近120万。从前一年中,每1000个美国人中就有4人申请破产,破产率是2006年的两倍。(注41)到2009年12月4日,受金融危机影响,美国共有130家银行被迫封闭
。(注42)据美国劳工部11月6日发布的数据,美国2009年10月赋闲率达10.2%,有1600万人找不到事情,创1983年以来最高记载。(注43)赋闲超过半年的有560万人,占赋闲人数的35.6%。(注44)9月,年轻人的赋闲率高达25%,赋闲人数约为160万,是1948年有记载以来的最高水平。(注45)2009年3月7日停止的一周里,美国有547万人继续支付赋闲津贴,高于前一周的529万人。(注46)   贫穷生齿创11年新高。《华盛顿邮报》2009年9月10日报导,2008年末,美国贫穷生齿达3980万人,比2007年添加260万人,占美国生齿的13.2%,贫穷率是1998年以来最高的一年。18至64岁贫穷生齿回升到2210万,比2007年添加17万人。堕入
贫穷的家庭占10.3%,达810万个。(注47)《纽约时报》2009年9月29日报导,2008年,纽约市贫穷率为18.2%,近28%的布郎克斯区居民糊口在贫穷中。(注48)2008年8月至2009年8月,超过9万户加州贫穷家庭被断电断气。密歇根州一名93岁的老翁也因断电断气冻死在家中。(注49)贫穷招致美国他杀人数激增。据报导,美国每一年约产生
3.2万起他杀事情,几乎是1.8万起谋杀案的两倍。(注50)洛杉矶验尸官办公室的官员称,因为经济危机招致许多家庭没法负担丧葬费用。2008年,洛杉矶县有712具尸体无人认领,比上年添加36%。(注51)   受饿
生齿居14年来最高。美国农业部2009年11月16日讲演称,2008年,美国有14.6%即1700万个家庭的4910万人在受饿
,比2007年的11.1%即1300万个家庭添加了31%,创1995年起头此项统计以来的最高纪录。(注52)对食品
不安全感的人从2007年的470万回升到2008年的670万。(注53)约15%的家庭还在为温饱而斗争。(注54)据统计,2009年8月,美国有3650万人支付食品
券,占总生齿1/8,比2008年添加了710万。但惟独2/3符合申请资格的人获得了食品
券。(注55)   休息者权益受到重大侵害。《纽约时报》2009年9月2日报导,依照纽约、洛杉矶和芝加哥学者一项针对4387名低支出工人的考察发现,68%被考察的低支出者被克扣工资。在被迫加班的工人中有76%的人未得到照应的加班报答,57%被考察者的工资支出不依法足付证实。唯一8%因公挂花的人要求赔偿。26%的被考察者的工资支出低于世界最低工资标准。在埋怨工资支出及回报问题的工人傍边,43%的工人有被袭击报复或被辞退的经历。(注56)《昔日美国报》2009年7月20日报导,2007年,美国在事情场合殒命的人数为5657人,每天约有17人在事情中殒命,纽约州每一年约有20万人在事情场合受伤或得病。(注57)   不医疗安全的人数延续8年添加。依照美国生齿普查局2009年9月10日发布的数据,2008年,美国有4630万人没法获得医疗安全,占总生齿比例的15.4%,比2007年的4570万人添加约60万人,是延续第8年添加。此中,18至64岁无医疗安全的人数从2007年的19.6%添加到2008年的20.3%。(注58)联邦基金的考察显现,2007至2009年,美国31个州18至64岁的成年人医疗安全规模减少。(注59)成年人无医疗安全生齿比率极高的州由1999年的2个添加到2009年的9个。得克萨斯州均匀每4人中就有1人无医疗安全,居美国之首。(注60)休斯敦40.1%的居民无医疗安全。(注61)据统计,2008年,有2266名65岁以下的入伍军人因缺少医疗安全或医疗服务而殒命,世界因无医疗安全殒命的入伍军人比在阿富汗战场上阵亡人数高出14倍。(注62)消费者同盟
的一项考察显现,从前一年,34%的年支出5万美圆以下家庭和21%的年支出10万美圆以上家庭医疗安全丢失或受到增添;2/3年支出5万美圆以下的家庭和1/3年支出10万美圆以上的家庭增添了医疗支出。28%的人生病不去就诊;25%的人没法支付医疗或药品的费用;22%的人拖延实行医疗法式;20%的人有处方不买药或不做医疗检查;15%的人服用过期药物或为了省钱而不遵医嘱按时服药。(注63)经济合作与生长组织2009年12月8日发布讲演称,2007年美国人均寿命仅为78.1岁,在经合组织成员国中居倒数第四位,而该年经合组织成员国的人均寿命为79.1岁。(注64)   无家可归者激增。据统计,截至2008年9月,美国有160万人住进栖流所,举家都在栖流所的人数从2007年的47.3万添加到2008年的51.7万。(注65)2009年以来,芝加哥地域六个县的无家可归者有所添加,此中麦克亨利县添加最多,比上年增进了125%,这些家庭只能住在棚车等简易场合。(注66)2009年3月,加州州府萨克拉门托市形成了一个帐篷城,数百名无家可归者聚集在此。南加州的圣莫尼卡市不惜动用武力按期将无家可归者摈除到市外。(注67)10月,底特律市的几千名无家可归者因担忧领不到政府的住房补贴而大打出手。(注68)12月,纽约市栖流所有6975名无家可归的单身成人,这个数字不包孕短期住所里的30698人、军队老兵和历久无家可归者。(注69)《休斯敦纪事报》2009年3月16日报导,2008年9月,加尔维斯顿大批房屋在艾克飓风中损毁,有数千灾民没法重返家园,约1700户家庭未得到救助,大都居无定所。(注70)   四、关于种族歧视   种族歧视至今仍是美国社会的一大痼疾。   黑人和其余大都族裔是最贫穷的美国人。据美国生齿普查局发布的讲演,2008年美国中等支出水平的家庭均匀年支出50303美圆,此中白报答55530美圆,而拉美裔则为37913美圆,相当于白人的68%;黑人仅为34218美圆,相当于白人的61.6%。在同等学历和技能下,大都族裔的均匀支出仅为大都族裔支出的60%—80%。(注71)据美国生齿普查局发布的讲演,2008年美国白人的贫穷率为8.6%,而黑人、拉美裔人的贫穷率别离为24.7%、23.2%,濒临白人的3倍(注72),还有1/4的印第安人糊口在贫穷之中。2008年不医疗安全的拉美裔人达30.7%,黑报答19.1%,而白报答14.5%。(注73)依照美国住房和都会生长部的讲演,截至2008年9月的财政年度内,在该部收到的10552起触及
住房赞扬案中,种族歧视占35%。(注74)美国联邦疾病把持和预防核心的讲演显现,非洲裔美国人只占美国生齿的12%,却每一年占美国新增艾滋病病毒感染者和因艾滋病殒命者的近一半。(注75)   对大都民族的就业和职业歧视重大。在美国的赋闲大军中,大都族裔赋闲者首当其冲。据报导,2009年10月,美国均匀赋闲率为10.2%,此中,黑人赋闲率回升到15.7%,西班牙裔人赋闲率回升到13.1%,而白人赋闲率为9.5%。(注76)16至24岁的黑人赋闲率达34.5%,超过美国均匀赋闲率的3倍,创历史最高。有些都会的黑人赋闲率达到20%(注77),有的印第安人部落赋闲率高达80%。(注78)据美国劳工统计局的统计,2009年,25岁以上的黑人男性大学毕业生的赋闲率是8.4%,濒临白人男性大学毕业生赋闲率4.4%的2倍。(注79)据统计,2008年美国95000件职业歧视案中,近1/3为种族歧视案。(注80)据美国平等就业委员会称,已延续接到5起关于休斯敦一家石油天然气公司具有种族歧视行为的赞扬。(注81)据报导,截至2009年5月尾,黑人和西班牙裔生齿各占纽约市生齿的27%,然而因为纽约市消防部门不公正地排除有色人种担负消防队员,黑人消防队员仅占3%,西班牙裔消防队员占6%。(注82)   大都民族在受教育方面受到歧视。据美国生齿普查局的讲演,33%的白人具有
大学学历,但黑人惟独20%,拉美裔人惟独13%。(注83)据报导,2003至2008年间,在向法学院递交申请的先生中,61%的非洲裔和46%的墨西哥裔先生受到谢绝,而惟独34%的白人先生受到谢绝。(注84)非洲裔儿童仅占美国公立学校在校生的17%,然而被开除的数量却占被开除总数的32%。据北卡罗来纳大学和密歇根州立大学关于美国黑人少年对种族歧视看法的研讨讲演,大部分黑人少年以为本身是种族歧视的受害者。(注85)另据一项对休斯敦、洛杉矶和伯明翰5000名儿童的考察显现,20%的黑人儿童以为本身遭受
歧视,拉美裔儿童为15%。研讨显现,种族歧视是招致大都族裔儿童精神疾病的首要原因。拉美裔儿童有抑郁症状的数量是其余族裔儿童的3倍,黑人儿童是其余族裔儿童的2倍。(注86)   执法和司法领域的种族歧视非常较着。据美国司法部统计,截至2008年末,美国每10万黑人中有3161名良人和149名主妇被关押在牢狱里。(注87)有25个州非洲裔青年被判处无假释终身监管的比例是白人青年的10倍,在加利福尼亚州达18倍。在美国各大都会,每一年有超过100万行人在大街上被差人叫住盘查,近九成是大都族裔良人,此中五成为非洲裔人,三成为拉丁裔人,而被检查的白人惟独一成。(注88)纽约市差人局发布的讲演显现,2008年纽约市差人针对黑人和拉美裔人开枪的比例别离为75%和22%,而针对白人开枪的比例则为3%。(注89)据人权视察发布的讲演,1980至2007年,美国世界规模内黑人因毒品犯法
而被拘系的比例是白人的2.8到5.5倍。(注90)   “9•11”事情以来,对穆斯林的歧视加剧。一家研讨核心发布的一项联结考察显现,58%的美国人以为穆斯林遭受到“很大的”歧视。18至29岁的年轻人中有73%的人以为穆斯林是最受歧视的集体。(注91)   移民际遇凄惨。据大赦国际美国分会揭晓的讲演,美国每一年扣押30多万非法移民,均匀每天在押的移民超过3万人。(注92)同时,每一年有数以百计的合法移民被拘禁、谢绝入境甚至押送出境。(注93)据“宪法名目”研讨小组和人权视察联结发布的一份讲演,从1999至2008年,有140万名被扣押的移民被转移,原在洛杉矶和费城糊口多年的上万名移民被强行移送到遥远的得克萨斯州或路易斯安那州移民牢狱。(注94)纽约市律师协会2008年10月接到关押在曼哈顿瓦里克扣押所100名男性移民的求援信,描述了扣押所的拥挤、肮脏、缺医少药、受饿
、每天做工惟独1美圆报答的际遇。(注95)一些哺乳期的母亲被关押后因为被谢绝提供吸奶器,招致伤风、乳腺炎和丢失哺乳能力。(注96)2003年10月以来在移民与海关执法局关押中殒命的移民达104人。(注97)   种族冤仇犯法
频发。美国联邦考察局2009年11月23日发布的冤仇犯法
统计显现,2008年,美国共产生
冤仇犯法
7783起,此中51.3%是基于种族歧视,19.5%基于宗教偏见,11.5%基于国别歧视。(注98)在种族仇视案件中,70%以上是针对黑人的。2008年,针对黑人的暴力犯法
达每千人26人,针对白人的数字是每千人18人。(注99)2009年6月10日,白人至上主义者和新纳粹分子布伦在华盛顿纳粹大屠杀遇难者纪念馆枪杀黑人保安约翰斯,打伤2人。(注100)据美国南方贫穷问题法律核心发布的讲演,纽约州萨福克县种族不容忍和民族冤仇的氛围形成从前10年间产生
良多起白人攻打拉美裔移民事情。(注101)   五、关于主妇、儿童权益   美国主妇儿童生存情况日薄西山,主妇儿童的权益得不到应有的保障。   主妇不享有与良人平等的社会政治地位。美国女性生齿占总生齿的51%,然而在目前第111届美国国会中,男议员有441名,女议员惟独92名,占17%,此中参议员17名,众议员75名。(注102)一项研讨表明,大都族群和主妇很少能在美国的大型慈善机构和非营利机构中身居要职,主妇仅占非营利机构首席执行官总人数的18.8%,在世界500强企业中只占3%。在美国400个最大的慈善机构中,所有文化组织、医院、公共事务团体、犹太人同盟
或其余宗教组织中不一个是由主妇辅导的。(注103)   主妇就业难、支出低、糊口贫穷。据美国平等就业委员会统计,2008年该委员会共收到就业方面的告状95402件,比上年提高了15%,此中基于性别方面就业歧视的告状继续占很高比例。(注104)美国生齿普查局2009年9月发布,美国全职主妇2008年的年均支出为35745美圆,全职良人的年均支出为46367美圆,女性支出为男性的77%,低于2007年的78%。(注105)据美联社报导,一名已在沃尔玛事情10年的女配药师因为要求获得与男同事相同的薪酬于2004年被解雇。(注106)到2008年末,有420万个单亲女性家庭糊口贫穷,比率达28.7%。(注107)美国有6400万事情年齿的主妇不医疗安全或医疗安全额太少、支付账单有困难或欠交医疗费甚至放弃医治,占事情年齿主妇总数的70%。(注108)   主妇频遭暴力和性侵害。据报导,美国强奸产生
率比英国高13倍,比日本高20倍,居世界最高。(注109)2009年3月,圣迭戈地域延续产生
5起尾随主妇入室抢劫并且对受害人施以性侵害的案件。(注110)据美国国防部发布的一份研讨讲演,截至2008年财政年度,美军方共接到2900多起军队外部

暮气强奸和其余性加害案件,比上一年添加9%,而这些案件中惟独292起案件被提交到军事法庭。报导称,此类案件的实际数字可能是举报数字的5到10倍。(注111)据路透社报导,依照对40个服役美国女兵的深度采访,此中10人被强奸,5人被性加害,还有13人被猥亵。(注112)   美国儿童饥寒交迫。据美国农业部发布的讲演,2008年,占美国儿童总数1/4的1670万儿童得不到足够食品
。(注113)美国食品
救济机构“喂养美国”发布的一份讲演称,美国有350万名5岁以下儿童经常受饿
或营养不良,占儿童总数的17%以上,此中有11个州受饿
儿童比例超过20%,路易斯安那州达到24.2%。(注114)美国贫穷生齿中18岁以下的儿童占1/3以上。据美国生齿普查局发布的数据,到2008年末,美国15.7%的18岁以下儿童糊口在贫穷中,人数从2007年的1330万回升到1410万。(注115)据报导,2005至2006年间,美国每一年有150多万儿童无家可归,每50名儿童中就有一人无家可归。在无家可归的儿童中,42%不到6岁,大大都是非洲裔和印第安人。(注116)2008年美国有近1/10的儿童得不到医疗康健安全。据报导,2008年,美国有730万儿童不医疗安全;占美国儿童的9.9%,内华达州有20.2%的儿童不安全。(注117)2009年8月13日,加州危险办理医疗安全委员会投票经由进程决定,从2009年10月起终止6万多名贫穷家庭儿童的“康健家庭”医疗安全;到2010年6月尾前,将作废67万名贫穷家庭儿童的“康健家庭”医疗安全。(注118)霍普金斯医学院儿童核心的一项研讨表明,从前20年来,因为缺少医疗安全,招致约1.7万名美国儿童殒命。(注119)美国疾病把持与预防核心说,自2009年4月甲型H1N1流感暴发至10月间,美国约800万名18岁以下的儿童染病,此中540人殒命。(注120)   儿童糊口在暴力和恐惧中。据报导,2008年,美国共有1494名18岁以下的儿童被杀。(注121)纽约市卫生局2009年6月16日发布的一份讲演显现,2001至2007年间,美国1至12岁儿童殒命率为10万分之20,此中谋杀殒命率为10万分之1.3。(注122)美国司法部2008年1至5月的一项对4549名17岁以下儿童的考察表明,60%以上的美国儿童在从前一年中直接或直接遭受暴力加害,近一半被考察儿童至多受过一次攻打,约6%的儿童受到性加害,13%的儿童挨过打。(注123)2002年以来,得克萨斯州至多有1227名儿童因受虐待或赐顾帮衬不周而殒命。(注124)据美国研讨机构和公共卫生媒体的研讨讲演显现,美国每一年有1/3离家出走或者被赶出家门的孩子靠出卖精神换取食品
、药品和寓所。司法零碎不再把他们当作年幼的受害者,而是把他们当作青少年罪犯。(注125)   农业大批运用童工。据一个儿童权益保护组织披露,美国约有40万儿童处置合法的农业事情。据美国农场工人就业培训企图主席戴维斯•斯特劳斯称,数十年以来一向有年齿低于8岁的儿童处置此类事情,并且他们在事情进程中运用的是锋利的休息对象和危险性极高的农药。该机构辅导委员会主席厄尼•弗洛里斯表示,美国因处置农业事情而殒命的生齿中有20%是儿童。(注126)美国的一项休息标准法许可13岁以上儿童在炎炎烈日下长时间举行农业休息,却不许可他们坐在配有空调的办公室里事情,甚至不准在快餐店里打工。   美国是世界上唯一不对少年犯适用假释的国度。从1985至2002年,被关押的青少年添加44%。良多孩子仅犯有轻细违法行为,却不得到律师的帮忙。许多检察官、公诉人和法官对于产生
在少年牢狱的虐待视而不见。   六、关于加害他国人权   美国凭借强大的军现实力,在国际上推行霸权主义,粗暴加害他国主权,肆意践踏他国人权。   美国作为寰球最大的军械销售国,加剧世界各地不稳定。美国的军费世界第一。据报导,美国军费在2008年又添加了10%,达到6070亿美圆,占世界军费的42%。(注127)据美国国会的一份讲演显现,在2008年寰球兵器销量创下4年来新低的时分,美国对外军售总额却从上一年的254亿美圆猛增到378亿美圆,增进了约50%,占昔时寰球军售总量的68.4%。(注128)2010年伊始,美国政府不顾中国政府和群众的强烈抗议,宣布对台湾出售总价值近64亿美圆先进兵器的军售企图,重大侵害
中国国度安全优点,惹起中国群众的强烈愤慨。   伊拉克和平和阿富汗和平不但
给美国群众添加了繁重的负担,更给伊拉克和阿富汗两国群众的生命财富形成了伟大损失。伊拉克和平已给伊拉克形成逾百万布衣殒命、逾百万人无家可归以及伟大财富损失。在阿富汗,美军滥杀无辜的事情至今仍然不断产生
。2009年8月5日,5名正在货车上搬运黄瓜的阿富汗农夫在美军发动的空袭中丧生。(注129)美国国防部2009年6月8日表示,美军在2009年5月5日在袭击塔利班时,不遵守恰当的方法和法式,形成阿富汗布衣殒命。阿富汗民间目前已收集到了147名遇害布衣的姓名,此中包孕主妇和儿童,而美国指挥官则称殒命人数不超过30人。(注130)   虐囚是近年来美国在人权领域的最大丑闻之一。2009年,联结国人权理事会反恐中保护人权及基础自在问题特别讲演员在向人权理事会第10届会议提交的讲演中称,美国创造了一套全面的特别递解、历久和奥秘扣押以及违反联结国禁止严刑条约的做法。该讲演员在提交第64届联大的讲演中指出,美国及其私家承包人对在伊拉克和其余地方关押的男性穆斯林运用了自愿重叠裸体男囚、自愿与其余被扣押者举行同性性行为、自愿赤身裸体等审问手腕。(注131)美国中央情报局自2002年就起头运用严刑手法审问犯人。美国政府2009年3月2日证实,中央情报局自2001年以来烧毁
的92盘无关审问恐怖犯法
嫌疑人的录像带中有12盘录像带记载了运用严刑的画面。(注132)依照近期发布的奥秘讲演,中央情报局运用手枪和电棒审问犯人。(注133)依照美国发布的一系列司法部奥秘文件,执法者可以

呐喊将犯人以站立姿势铐住达180小时,十多个中央情报局的犯人被剥夺睡眠起码48小时,有3人被剥夺睡眠超过96小时,此中一报答近8天的时间,另外一人被剥夺睡眠11天。(注134)据报导,中央情报局审问人员曾经对“9•11”事情的主要策划者哈立德•谢赫•穆罕默德运用了183次水刑,并对“基地”组织的另外一名军事辅导人阿布•祖贝达运用83次水刑。(注135)关塔那摩牢狱宛如人间地狱。据被释放的关塔那摩牢狱犯人穆罕默德称,他在美国中央情报局喀布尔奥秘牢狱和关塔那摩等牢狱受到了“中世纪般的”鞭挞
。(注136)据美国《哈泼斯杂志》和全美广播公司2009年联结举行的考察,2006年6月被指“他杀”的3名关塔那摩牢狱犯人很可能是在同一个早晨接收审问时窒息而死,政府却对外宣称他们是上吊他杀。(注137)在关塔那摩牢狱被关押达8年之久的索马里人穆罕默德•萨莱班•巴雷说:“那边是人间地狱。我的狱友们有的眼睛看不见了,有的胳膊、腿没了,有的精神失常”。(注138)2009年,被关押在关塔那摩牢狱的一名31岁的也门人历久绝食后身亡。自2002年起已有5人殒命,此中4人他杀。(注139)美国政府在阿富汗巴格拉姆空军基地关押了600多名犯人。联结国2009年2月出台的一份讲演点名批评巴格拉姆牢狱说,有些人在巴格拉姆被关押了5年之久。已经获释的一些被关押者宣称
他们遭受了严刑鞭挞
,甚至性加害。一些人还称他们曾经被关在有15至20团体的笼子里,有两名关押者在监管期间殒命,死因可疑。(注140)另据美国司法部的考察,有2000名塔利班投降士兵被由美军把持的阿富汗武装塞进卡车中窒息殒命。(注141)   美国在世界各地设立军事基地,加害本地群众人权的事情屡见不鲜。目前,美国在世界上有900处军事基地,基地中有超过19万名士兵和11.5万名相关事情人员。这些基地给本地形成了伟大的破坏和环境污染,炸弹爆炸产生的有毒物质给本地儿童形成伟大的损伤。据报导,在苏比克和克拉克美军基地,已经有约3000件美军士兵强奸本地主妇的案件被提交,然而都被法院裁定不予受理。(注142)   美国对古巴举行长达近50年的经济、贸易和金融封闭
,给古巴带来了超过930亿美圆的直接经济损失。2009年10月28日,第64届联大以187票支撑,3票反对、2票弃权的压倒性大都第18次经由进程《必须终止美利坚合众国对古巴的经济、贸易和金融封闭
》决定,要求美国立刻停止对古巴的封闭
。(注143)   美国打着“互联网自在”的旗号,推行霸权主义。美国垄断着世界互联网的战略资源。互联网自诞生之日起就由美国牢牢掌控,目前寰球互联网根服务器有13台,此中唯一的主根服务器在美国,其余12台辅根服务器中有9台在美国。所有根服务器均由美国政府受权的ICANN(国际互联网名称和编号调配公司)统一办理,卖力寰球互联网根域名服务器、域名体系和IP地点等的办理。世界各国和联结国等国际组织都曾要求打破美国对互联网根服务器的垄断,分享互联网的办理权,然而均遭美国谢绝。美国哄骗其对互联网资源的垄断地位,经由进程各种形式干预别国内政。美国建有专门的黑客部队,并在寰球规模内招募黑客精英为其服务。2009年夏天,伊朗产生
总统推举骚乱,推举失利的伊朗改革派阵营及其支撑者哄骗“推特”等网络对象发布大批信息。美国国务院要求“推特”运营商推迟零碎升级企图,以帮忙反对派制作舆论声势。昔时5月,某网络公司也曾依照美国政府的授意,切断了古巴等五国的MSN即时通信服务端口。   美国建立名为“梯队”的窃听零碎,对寰球举行窃听。欧洲议会的讲演书指出,“梯队”零碎作为一个由美国操纵的情报收集分析网络,可以

呐喊在寰球规模内拦阻以公共德律风交流网络、卫星及微波通信所传送的德律风、传真、电子邮件和其余数字资讯,并监控此中的内容。欧洲议会曾点名批评美国哄骗“梯队”零碎处置犯法
活动,如加害普通布衣的隐私权或国度性质的贸易间谍活动,此中最着名
的是沙特阿拉伯60亿美圆客机案。(注144)英国王妃戴安娜生前提倡寰球反地雷活动,与美国的政策相抵触,她的德律风因而被监听了。《华盛顿邮报》报导说,美国政府的这类间谍行动不由
让人想起了昔时越战期间美国政府对国内反战派人士举行监视窃听的行为。   美国无视国际人权条约,消极看待国际人权义务。美国于32年前签定《经济、社会和文化权益国际条约》,于29年前签定《消除对主妇十足形式歧视条约》,但迄今均未批准。美国还不批准《残疾人权益条约》。2007年9月13日,第61届联大表决经由进程的《土著群众权益宣言》,是迄今联结国经由进程的保护土著群众权益的最权威和全面的文件,美国依然谢绝否认该宣言。   以上现实阐明

顺叙,美国不但
国内人权纪录非常糟,并且是世界许多人权磨练的主要来源。历久以来,美国将本身凌驾于其余国度之上,充当“世界人权差人”,疏忽本身
具有的重大的人权问题,年复一年地揭晓国别人权讲演对别国举行指责,将人权作为干预别国内政、丑化别国形象和谋取本身战略优点的政治对象,充分表露了美国在人权问题上的双重标准,天经地义
地受到世界各国群众的坚定反对和强烈谴责。特别是在全世界群众正遭受由美国次贷危机引发的国际金融危机招致的重大人权磨练的时分,美国政府仍不正视本身
具有的重大人权问题,而热衷于谴责别国,这是非常使人遗憾的。咱们奉劝美国政府吸取历史教训,摆正本身的位置,着力改善本身
人权情况,改正在人权领域的所作所为。   正文:   (注1)Criminal Victimization2008,U.S. Department of Justice, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov   (注2)Crime in the United States, 2008, http://www.fbi.gov   (注3)《纽约时报》,2009年12月30日。   (注4)《侨报》,2009年12月30日。   (注5)http://www.usatoday.com,2009年6月1日。   (注6)http://www.reuters.com,2009年10月7日。   (注7)《侨报》,2009年9月25日。   (注8)http://review.usqiaobao.com,2009年4月6日。   (注9)《昔日美国报》,2009年9月15日。   (注10)http://www.thefreelibrary.com   (注11)《昔日美国报》,2009年3月11日。   (注12)《纽约时报》,2009年4月4日。   (注13)http://cbs5.com   (注14)《纽约时报》,2009年12月1日,2日,3日。   (注15)A Report of The Heritage Center for Data Analysis, SchoolSafety in Washington, D.C.: New Data for the 2007—2008School Year, http://www.herigage.org   (注16)依照新泽西州教育局2009年10月发布的公校零碎暴力和故意损伤年度讲演,http://www.state.nj.us   (注17)《纽约邮报》,2009年9月22日。   (注18)http://gothamist.com,2009年11月17日。   (注19)http://www.mercurynews.com,2009年10月27日。   (注20)《俄勒冈人报》,2009年10月23日,http://blog.oregonlive.com   (注21)http://theduckshoot.com   (注22)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年7月19日。   (注23)《芝加哥论坛报》,2009年9月,http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com   (注24)《芝加哥论坛报》,2009年9月19日。   (注25)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年11月18日。   (注26)http://www.huffingtonpost.com,2009年10月8日。   (注27)http://www.wsws.org   (注28)http://mensnewsdaily.com,2010年1月18日。   (注29)http://news.yahoo.com,2010年1月26日。   (注30)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年9月11日。   (注31)《纽约时报》,2009年6月24日。   (注32)http://www.news-medical.net,2009年12月2日。   (注33)http://thecrimereport.org,2009年12月2日。   (注34)www.hrw.org,2009年3月24日。   (注35)http://onlinejournal.com, 2009年11月23日。   (注36)《纽约时报》,2008年7月10日。   (注37)《纽约时报》,2009年4月15日。   (注38)《纽约时报》,2009年4月20日。   (注39)http://blogs.rnw.nl   (注40)http://www.nytimes.com,2009年10月5日。   (注41)http://www.floridabankruptcyblog.com   (注42)《芝加哥论坛报》,2009年12月4日。   (注43)《纽约时报》,2009年11月7日。   (注44)《纽约时报》,2009年11月13日。   (注45)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年9月7日。   (注46)http://247wallst.com,2009年3月19日。   (注47)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年9月11日。   (注48)《纽约时报》,2009年9月29日。   (注49)http://www.msnbc.msn.com   (注50)http://www.time.com   (注51)《洛杉矶时报》,2009年7月21日。   (注52)《纽约时报》,2009年11月17日;14.6% of Americans Could Not Afford Enough Food in 2008,《大西洋贸易频道》。   (注53)美国生命科学网站,2009年11月26日。   (注54)美联社,2009年11月27日。   (注55)http://www.associatedcontent.com   (注56)《纽约时报》,2009年9月2日。   (注57)《昔日美国报》2009年7月20日。   (注58)http://www.census.gov   (注59)路透社,2009年10月8日。   (注60)http://www.ncpa.org   (注61)http://www.msnbc.msn.com   (注62)法新社,2009年11月11日。   (注63)http://www.oregonlive.com   (注64)http://www.msnbc.msn.com   (注65)《昔日美国报》,2009年7月9日。   (注66)《芝加哥论坛报》,2009年10月28日。   (注67)http://www.truthalyzer.com   (注68)《昔日美国报》,2009年10月8日。   (注69)《纽约时报》,2009年12月10日。   (注70)《休斯敦纪事报》,2009年3月16日。   (注71)《华尔街日报》,2009年9月11日;《昔日美国报》,2009年9月11日。   (注72)《纽约时报》,2009年9月29日。   (注73)Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008,www. Census.gov   (注74)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年6月10日。   (注75)《华尔街日报》,2009年4月8日;美国联邦疾病把持和预防核心2009年揭晓的讲演。   (注76)《昔日美国报》,2009年11月6日。   (注77)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年12月10日。   (注78)《侨报》,2009年11月6日。   (注79)《纽约时报》,2009年12月1日。   (注80)美联社,2009年4月27日。   (注81)美联社,2009年11月18日。   (注82)《纽约时报》,2009年7月23日。   (注83)美国生齿普查局,2009年4月27日,http://www.census.gov   (注84)《纽约时报》,2010年1月7日。   (注85)《科学日报》,2009年4月29日。   (注86)《昔日美国报》,2009年5月5日。   (注87)www.ojp.usdoj.gov   (注88)《侨报》,2009年10月9日。   (注89)《纽约时报》,2009年11月17日。   (注90)www.hrw.org,2009年3月2日。   (注91)http://www.washingtontimes.com,2009年9月10日。   (注92)《世界日报》,2009年3月26日。   (注93)《星岛日报》,2009年4月13日。   (注94)《纽约时报》,2009年11月2日。   (注95)《纽约时报》,2009年11月2日。   (注96)www.hrw.org,2009年3月16日。   (注97)《华尔街日报》,2009年8月18日。   (注98)www.fbi.gov   (注99)victim characteristics,2009年10月21日, www.fbi.gov   (注100)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年6月11日;《华尔街日报》,2009年6月11日。   (注101)《纽约时报》,2009年9月3日。   (注102)Members of the 111th United States Congress,维基百科。   (注103)《华盛顿时报》,2009年9月20日。   (注104)www.eeoc.gov,2009年11月3日。   (注105)《华尔街日报》,2009年9月11日;www.census.gov,2009年9月10日。   (注106) 美联社,2009年10月5日。   (注107) www.census.gov,2009年9月10日。   (注108)《侨报》,2009年5月12日。   (注109)Occurrence of rape,http://www.sa.rochester.edu   (注110)《星岛日报》,2009年3月14日。   (注111)美国哥伦比亚广播公司晚间新闻,2009年3月17日。   (注112)路透社,2009年4月16日。   (注113)《华盛顿邮报》,《昔日美国报》,2009年11月17日。   (注114)www.feedingamerica.org,2009年5月7日。   (注115)www.census.gov,《华盛顿邮报》,2009年9月11日。   (注116)CNN.com,MSNBUC.com,2009年3月10日。   (注117)http://www.census.gov,《华盛顿邮报》,2009年9月21日。   (注118)《洛杉矶时报》,《侨报》,2009年8月14日。   (注119)《公共卫生杂志》,2009年10月30日。   (注120)《昔日美国报》,《华尔街日报》,2009年11月13日。   (注121)《昔日美国报》,2009年10月8日。   (注122)http://www.nyc.gov   (注123)美联社,2009年10月7日。   (注124)《休斯敦纪事报》,2009年10月22日。   (注125)《侨报》,2009年10月28日。   (注126)西班牙《作乱报》,2009年10月14日。   (注127)美联社,2009年6月9日。   (注128)路透社,2009年9月6日。   (注129)http://www.rawa.org   (注130)《费城问讯报》,2009年6月9日。   (注131)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年4月7日。   (注132)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年3月3日。   (注133)《华盛顿邮报》,2009年8月22日。   (注134)http://www.chron.com   (注135)《纽约时报》,2009年4月20日。   (注136)法新社伦敦,2009年3月7日电。   (注137)英国《卫报》网站,2010年1月18日。   (注138)法新社索马里哈尔格萨,2009年12月21日电。   (注139)《纽约时报》,2009年6月3日。   (注140)美国国际新闻社纽约2009年2月25日电。   (注141)http://www.yourpoliticsusa.com,2009年7月16日。   (注142)http://www.lexisnexis.com,2009年5月17日。   (注143)Overwhelming International Rejection   of US Blockade of Cuba at UN,www.cubanews.ain.cu   (注144)维基百科。 (新华社北京3月12日电) Full Text of Human Rights Record of the United States in 2009   BEIJING, March 12 (Xinhua) — China’s Information Office of the State Council published a report titled “The Human Rights Record of the United States in 2009” here Friday. Following is the full text: The State Department of the United States released its Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2009 on March 11, 2010, posing as “the world judge of human rights” again. As in previous years, the reports are full of accusations of the human rights situation in more than 190 countries and regions including China, but turn a blind eye to, or dodge and even cover up rampant human rights abuses on its own territory. The Human Rights Record of the United States in 2009 is prepared to help people around the world understand the real situation of human rights in the United States. I. On Life, Property and Personal Security Widespread violent crimes in the United States posed threats to the lives, properties and personal security of its people. In 2008, U.S. residents experienced 4.9 million violent crimes, 16.3 million property crimes and 137,000 personal thefts, and the violent crime rate was 19.3 victimizations per 1,000 persons aged 12 or over, according to a report published by the U.S. Department of Justice in September 2009 (Criminal Victimization 2008, U.S. Department of Justice, http://www.ojp.usdoj.gov). In 2008, over 14 million arrests occurred for all offenses (except traffic violations) in the country, and the arrest rate for violent crime was 198.2 per 100,000 inhabitants (Crime in the United States, 2008, http://www.fbi.gov). In 2009, a total of 35 domestic homicides occurred in Philadelphia, a 67 percent increase from 2008 (The New York Times, December 30, 2009). In New York City, 461 murders were reported in 2009, and the crime rate was 1,151 cases per 100,000 people. San Antonio in Texas was deemed as the most dangerous among 25 U.S. large cities with 2,538 crimes recorded per 100,000 people (The China Press, December 30, 2009). The murder rate rose 5.5 percent in towns with a population of 10,000 or fewer in 2008 (http://www.usatoday.com, June 1, 2009). Most of the United States’ 15,000 annual murders occur in cities where they are concentrated in poorer neighborhoods (http://www.reuters.com, October 7, 2009). The United States ranks first in the world in terms of the number of privately-owned guns. According to the data from the FBI and the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), American gun owners, out of 309 million in total population, have more than 250 million guns, while a substantial proportion of U.S. gun owners had more than one weapon. Americans usually buy 7 billion rounds of ammunition a year, but in 2008 the figure jumped to about 9 billion (The China Press, September 25, 2009). In the United States, airline passengers are allowed to take unloaded weapons after declaration. In the United States, about 30,000 people die from gun-related incidents each year (The China Press, April 6, 2009). According to a FBI report, there had been 14,180 murder victims in 2008 (USA Today, September 15, 2009). Firearms were used in 66.9 percent of murders, 43.5 percent of robberies and 21.4 percent of aggravated assaults (http://www.thefreelibrary.com). USA Today reported that a man named Michael McLendon killed 10 people in two rural towns of Alabama before turning a gun on himself on March 11, 2009. On March 29, a man named Robert Stewart shot and killed eight people and injured three others in a nursing home in North Carolina (USA Today, March 11, 2009). On April 3, an immigrant called Jiverly Wong shot 13 people dead and wounded four others in an immigration services center in downtown Binghamton, New York (The New York Times, April 4, 2009). In the year 2009, a string of attacks on police shocked the country. On March 21, a 26-year-old jobless man shot and killed four police officers in Oakland, California, before he was killed by police gunfire (http://cbs5.com). On April 4, a man called Richard Poplawski shot three police officers to death in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. On November 29, an ex-convict named Maurice Clemmons shot four police officers to death inside a coffee shop in Parkland, Washington (The New York Times, December 1, 2 and 3, 2009). Campuses became an area worst hit by violent crimes as shootings spread there and kept escalating. The U.S. Heritage Foundation reported that 11.3 percent of high school students in Washington D.C. reported being “threatened or injured” with a weapon while on school property during the 2007-2008 school year. In the same period, police responded to more than 900 calls to 911 reporting violent incidents at the addresses of Washington D.C. public schools (A Report of The Heritage Center for Data Analysis, School Safety in Washington, D.C.: New Data for the 2007-2008 School Year, http://www.heritage.org). In New Jersey public schools, a total of 17,666 violent incidents were reported in 2007-2008 (Annual Report on Violence, Vandalism and Substance Abuse in New Jersey Public Schools by New Jersey Department of Education, October 2009, http://www.state.nj.us). In the City University of New York, a total of 107 major crimes occurred in five of its campuses during 2006 and 2007(The New York Post, September 22, 2009). II. On Civil and Political Rights In the United States, civil and political rights of citizens are severely restricted and violated by the government. The country’s police frequently impose violence on the people. Chicago Defender reported on July 8, 2009 that a total of 315 police officers in New York were subject to internal supervision due to unrestrained use of violence during law enforcement. The figure was only 210 in 2007. Over the past two years, the number of New York police officers under review for garnering too many complaints was up 50 percent (http://www.chicagodefender.com). According to a New York Police Department firearms discharge report released on Nov. 17, 2009, the city’ s police fired 588 bullets in 2007, killing 10 people, and 354 bullets in 2008, killing 13 people (http://gothamist.com, November 17, 2009). On September 3, 2009, a student of the San Jose State University was hit repeatedly by four San Jose police officers with batons and a Taser gun for more than ten times (http://www.mercurynews.com, October 27, 2009). On September 22, 2009, a Chinese student in Eugene, Oregon was beaten by a local police officer for no reason (The Oregonian, October 23, 2009, http://blog.oregonlive.com). According to the Amnesty International, in the first ten months of 2009, police officers in the U.S. killed 45 people due to unrestrained use of Taser guns. The youngest of the victims was only 15. From 2001 to October, 2009, 389 people died of Taser guns used by police officers (http://theduckshoot.com). Abuse of power is common among U.S. law enforcers. In July 2009, the Federal Bureau of Investigation put four police officers in the Washington area under investigation for taking money to protect a gambling ring frequented by some of the region’s most powerful drug dealers over the past two years (The Washington Post, July, 19, 2009). In September 2009, an off-duty police officer in Chicago attacked a bus driver for “cutting him off in traffic” as he rode a bicycle (Chicago Tribune, September 2009, http://www.chicagobreakingnews.com). In the same month, four former police officers in Chicago were charged with extorting close to 500,000 U.S. dollars from a Hispanic driving an expensive car with out-of-state plates and suspected drug dealers in the name of law enforcement, and offering bribes to their superiors (Chicago Tribune, September 19, 2009). In November 2009, a former police chief of the Prince George’s County’s town of Morningside was charged with selling a stolen gun to a civilian (The Washington Post, November 18, 2009). In major U.S. cities, police stop, question and frisk more than a million people each year – a sharply higher number than just a few years ago (http://huffingtonpost.com, October 8, 2009). Prisons in the United State are packed with inmates. According to a report released by the U.S. Justice Department on Dec. 8, 2009, more than 7.3 million people were under the authority of the U.S. corrections system at the end of 2008. The correctional system population increased by 0.5 percent in 2008 compared with the previous year (http://www.wsws.org). About 2.3 million were held in custody of prisons and jails, the equivalent of about one in every 198 persons in the country. From 2000 to 2008, the U.S. prison population increased an average of 1.8 percent annually (http://mensnewsdaily.com, January 18, 2010). The California government even suggested sending tens of thousands of illegal immigrants held in the state to Mexico, in order to ease its overcrowded prison system (http://news.yahoo.com, January 26, 2010). The basic rights of prisoners in the United States are not well-protected. Raping cases of inmates by prison staff members are widely reported. According to the U.S. Justice Department, reports of sexual misconduct by prison staff members with inmates in the country’s 93 federal prison sites doubled over the past eight years. Of the 90 staff members prosecuted for sexual abuse of inmates, nearly 40 percent were also convicted of other crimes (The Washington Post, September11, 2009). The New York Times reported on June 24, 2009 that according to a federal survey of more than 63,000 federal and state inmates, 4.5 percent reported being sexually abused at least once during the previous 12 months. It was estimated that there were at least 60,000 rapes of prisoners across the United States during the same period (The New York Times, June 24, 2009). Chaotic management of prisons in the United State also led to wide spread of diseases among the inmates. According to a report from the U.S. Justice Department, a total of 20,231 male inmates and 1,913 female inmates had been confirmed as HIV carriers in the U.S. federal and state prisons at yearend 2008. The percentage of male and female inmates with HIV/AIDS amounted to 1.5 and 1.9 percent respectively (http://www.news-medical.net, December 2, 2009). From 2007 to 2008, the number of HIV/AIDS cases in prisons in California, Missouri and Florida increased by 246, 169, and 166 respectively. More than 130 federal and state inmates in the U.S. died of AIDS-related causes in 2007 (http://thecrimereport.org, December 2, 2009). A report by the Human Rights Watch released in March 2009 said although the New York State prison registered the highest number of prisoners living with HIV in the country, it did not provide the inmates with adequate access to treatment, and even locked the inmates up separately, refusing to provide them with treatment of any kind. (www.hrw.org, March 24, 2009). While advocating “freedom of speech,” “freedom of the press” and “Internet freedom,” the U.S. government unscrupulously monitors and restricts the citizens’ rights to freedom when it comes to its own interests and needs. The U.S. citizens’ freedom to access and distribute information is under strict supervision. According to media reports, the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) started installing specialized eavesdropping equipment around the country to wiretap calls, faxes, and emails and collect domestic communications as early as 2001. The wiretapping programs was originally targeted at Arab-Americans, but soon grew to include other Americans. The NSA installed over 25 eavesdropping facilities in San Jose, San Diego, Seattle, Los Angeles, and Chicago among other cities. The NSA also announced recently it was building a huge one million square feet data warehouse at a cost of 1.5 billion U.S. dollars at Camp Williams in Utah, as well as another massive data warehouse in San Antonio, as part of the NSA’s new Cyber Command responsibilities. The report said a man named Nacchio was convicted on 19 counts of insider trading and sentenced to six years in prison after he refused to participate in NSA’s surveillance program (http://www.onelinejournal.com, November 23, 2009). After the September 11 attack, the U.S. government, in the name of anti-terrorism, authorized its intelligence authorities to hack into its citizens’ mail communications, and to monitor and erase any information that might threaten the U.S. national interests on the Internet through technical means. The country’s Patriot Act allowed law enforcement agencies to search telephone, email communications, medical, financial and other records, and broadened the discretion of law enforcement and immigration authorities in detaining and deporting foreign persons suspected of terrorism-related acts. The Act expanded the definition of terrorism, thus enlarging the number of activities to which law enforcement powers could be applied. On July 9, 2008, the U.S. Senate passed the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act Amendments Act of 2008, granting legal immunity to telecommunication companies that take part in wiretapping programs and authorizing the government to wiretap international communications between the United States and people overseas for anti-terrorism purposes without court approval (The New York Times, July 10, 2008). Statistic showed that from 2002 to 2006, the FBI collected thousands of phones records of U.S. citizens through mails, notes and phone calls. In September 2009, the country set up an Internet security supervision body, further worrying U.S. citizens that the U.S. government might use Internet security as an excuse to monitor and interfere with personal systems. A U.S. government official told the New York Times in an interview in April 2009 that NSA had intercepted private email messages and phone calls of Americans in recent months on a scale that went beyond the broad legal limits established by U.S. Congress the year before. In addition, the NSA was also eavesdropping on phones of foreign political figures, officials of international organizations and renowned journalists (The New York Times, April, 15, 2009). The U.S. military also participated in the eavesdropping programs. According to CNN reports, a Virginia-based U.S. military Internet risk evaluation organization was in charge of monitoring official and unofficial private blogs, official documents, personal contact information, photos of weapons, entrances of military camps, as well as other websites that “might threaten its national security.” The so-called “freedom of the press” of the United States was in fact completely subordinate to its national interests, and was manipulated by the U.S. government. According to media reports, the U.S. government and the Pentagon had recruited a number of former military officers to become TV and radio news commentators to give “positive comments” and analysis as “military experts” for the U.S. war in Iraq and Afghanistan, in order to guide public opinions, glorify the wars, and gain public support of its anti-terrorism ideology (The New York Times, April 20, 2009). At yearend 2009, the U.S. Congress passed a bill which imposed sanctions on several Arab satellite channels for broadcasting contents hostile to the U.S. and instigating violence (http://blogs.rnw.nl). In September 2009, protesters using the social-networking site Twitter and text messages to coordinate demonstrations clashed with the police several times in Pittsburgh, where the Group of 20 summit was held. Elliot Madison, 41, was later charged with hindering apprehension of the protesters through the Internet. The police also searched his home (http://www.nytimes.com, October 5, 2009). Vic Walczak, legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Pennsylvania, said the same conduct in other countries would be called human rights violations whereas in the United States it was called necessary crime control. III. On Economic, Social and Cultural Rights Poverty, unemployment and the homeless are serious problems in the United States, where workers’ economic, social and cultural rights cannot be guaranteed. Unemployment rate in the U.S. in 2009 was the highest in 26 years. The number of bankrupt businesses and individuals kept rising due to the financial crisis. The Associated Press reported in April 2009 that nearly 1.2 million businesses and individuals filed for bankruptcy in the previous 12 months – about four in every 1,000 people, a rate twice as high as that in 2006 (http://www.floridabankruptcyblog.com). By December 4, 2009, a total of 130 U.S. banks had been forced to close in the year due to the financial crisis (Chicago Tribune, December 4, 2009). Statistics released by the U.S. Labor Department on Nov. 6, 2009 showed unemployment rate in October 2009 reached 10.2 percent, the highest since 1983 (The New York Times, November 7, 2009). Nearly 16 million people were jobless, with 5.6 million, or 35.6 percent of the unemployed, being out of work for more than half a year (The New York Times, November 13, 2009). In September, about 1.6 million young workers, or 25 percent of the total, were jobless, the highest since 1948 when records were kept (The Washington Post, September 7, 2009). In the week ending on March 7, 2009, the continuing jobless claims in the U.S. were 5.47 million, higher than the previous week’s 5.29 million (http://247wallst.com, March 19, 2009). The population in poverty was the largest in 11 years. The Washington Post reported on September 10, 2009, that altogether 39.8 million Americans were living in poverty by the end of 2008, an increase of 2.6 million from that in 2007. The poverty rate in 2008 was 13.2 percent, the highest since 1998. The number of people aged between 18 to 64 living in poverty in 2008 had risen to 22.1 million, 170,000 more than in 2007. Up to 8.1 million families were under poverty, accounting for 10.3 percent of the total families (The Washington Post, September 11, 2009). According to a report of the New York Times on Sept. 29, 2009, the poverty rate in New York City in 2008 was 18.2 percent and nearly 28 percent of the Bronx borough’s residents were living in poverty (The New York Times, September 29, 2009). From August 2008 to August 2009, more than 90,000 poor households in California suffered power and gas cuts. A 93-year-old man was frozen to death at his home (http://www.msnbc.msn.com). Poverty led to a sharp rise in the number of suicides in the United States. It is reported that there are roughly 32,000 suicides in the U.S. every year, nearly double the cases of murder, which numbered 18,000 (http://www.time.com). The Los Angeles County coroner’s office said the poor economy was taking a toll even on the dead as more bodies in the county went unclaimed by families who could not afford funeral expenses. A total of 712 bodies in Los Angles County were cremated with taxpayers’ money in 2008, an increase of 36 percent over the previous year (The Los Angeles Times, July 21, 2009). The population in hunger was the highest in 14 years. The U.S. Department of Agriculture reported on Nov. 16, 2009, that 49.1 million Americans living in 17 million households, or 14.6 percent of all American families, lacked consistent access to adequate food in 2008, up 31 percent from the 13 million households, or 11.1 percent of all American families, that lacked stable and adequate supply of food in 2007, which was the highest since the government began tracking “food insecurity” in 1995 (The New York Times, November 17, 2009; 14.6% of Americans Could Not Afford Enough Food in 2008, http://business.theatlantic.com). The number of people who lacked “food security,” rose from 4.7 million in 2007 to 6.7 million in 2008 (http://www.livescience.com, November 26, 2009). About 15 percent of families were still working for adequate food and clothing (The Associated Press, November 27, 2009). Statistics showed 36.5 million Americans, or about one eighth of the U.S. total population, took part in the food stamp program in August 2009, up 7.1 million from that of 2008. However, only two thirds of those eligible for food stamps actually received them (http://www.associatedcontent.com). Workers’ rights were seriously violated. The New York Times reported on Sept. 2, 2009 that 68 percent of the 4,387 low-wage workers in a survey said they had experienced reduction of wages. And 76 percent of those who had worked overtime were not paid accordingly, and 57 percent of those interviewed had not received pay documents to make sure pay was legal and accurate. Only eight percent of those who suffered serious injuries on the job filed for compensation. Up to 26 percent of those surveyed were paid less than the national minimum wage. Among those who complained about wages or treatment, 43 percent had experienced retaliation or dismissal (The New York Times, September 2, 2009). According to a report by the USA Today on July 20, 2009, a total of 5,657 people died at workplaces across the U.S. in 2007, about 17 deaths each day. About 200,000 workers in New York State were injured or sickened at workplaces each year (USA Today, July 20, 2009). The number of people without medical insurance has kept rising for eight consecutive years. Data released by the U.S. Census Bureau on Sept. 10, 2009, showed 46.3 million people were without medical insurance in 2008, accounting for 15.4 percent of the total population, comparing 45.7 million people who were without medical insurance in 2007, which was a rise for the eighth year in a row. About 20.3 percent of Americans between 18 to 64 years old were not covered by medical insurance in 2008, higher than the 19.6 percent in 2007 (http://www.census.gov). A study released by the Commonwealth Fund showed health insurance coverage of adults aged 18 to 64 declined in 31 U.S. states from 2007 to 2009 (Reuters, October 8, 2009). The number of states with extremely high number of adults who were not covered by medical insurance increased from two in 1999 to nine in 2009. More than one in every four people in Texas were uninsured, the highest percentage among all states (http://www.ncpa.org). Houston had 40.1 percent of its residents uninsured (http://www.msnbc.msn.com). In 2008, altogether 2,266 U.S. veterans under the age of 65 died for lack of health insurance coverage or medical care, 14 times higher than the U.S. military death toll in Afghanistan that year (AFP, November 11, 2009). A report by the Consumer International showed 34 percent of U.S. families with annual income below 50,000 U.S. dollars and 21 percent of homes with annual income exceeding 100,000 U.S. dollars lost medical insurance or suffered reduction in medical insurance in 2009. In addition, two thirds of households with annual income below 50,000 U.S. dollars and one third of homes earning more than 100,000 U.S. dollars a year cut their medical expenses last year. About 28 percent Americans chose not to see a doctor when they fell ill; a quarter of them could not afford medical bills; 22 percent postponed medical treatment; a fifth of them did not buy medicine prescribed by doctors or undergo medical checkups; 15 percent took expired drugs or did not follow medical instructions to take medicine on time in order to save money (http://www.oregonlive.com). According to a report of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) on December 8, 2009, average life expectancy of Americans was 78.1 years in 2007, ranking the fourth from bottom among all member states of OECD. The average life expectancy of OECD member states was 79.1 that year (http://www.msnbc.msn.com). The number of homeless has been on the rise. Statistics show that by September 2008, an upward of 1.6 million homeless people in the U.S. had been receiving shelter, and the number of those in families rose from 473,000 in 2007 to 517,000 in 2008 (USA Today, July 9, 2009). Since 2009, homeless enrollments in the six counties of Chicago area had climbed, with McHenry County seeing the biggest hike – an increase of 125 percent over the previous year (Chicago Tribune, November 28, 2009). These families could only live in shabby places such as wagons. In March 2009, a sprawling tent city was seen in Sacramento of California where hundreds of homeless gathered. Police in Santa Monica of southern California even regularly used force to drive the homeless out of the city (www.truthalyzer.com). In October, several thousand homeless in Detroit got into a fight, worrying they might not receive the government’s housing subsidies (USA Today, October 8, 2009). In December, there were 6,975 homeless single adults in shelters in New York City, not including military veterans, chronically homeless people, and the 30,698 people living in short-term housing for homeless families (The New York Times, December 10, 2009). The Houston Chronicle reported on March 16, 2009 that large numbers of houses in Galveston were destroyed by Hurricane Ike in September 2008, leaving thousands homeless. About 1,700 households did not receive any aid and most of them do not have fixed residences (Houston Chronicle, March 16, 2009). IV. On Racial Discrimination Racial discrimination is still a chronic problem of the United States. Black people and other minorities are the most impoverished groups in the United States. According to a report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Census, the real median income for American households in 2008 was 50,303 U.S. dollars. That of the non-Hispanic white households was 55,530 U.S. dollars, Hispanic households 37,913 U.S. dollars, black households only 34,218 U.S. dollars. The median incomes of Hispanic and black households were roughly 68 percent and 61.6 percent of that of the non-Hispanic white households. Median income of minority groups was about 60 to 80 percent of that of majority groups under the same conditions of education and skill background (The Wall Street Journal, September 11, 2009; USA Today, September 11, 2009). According to the U.S. Bureau of Census, the poverty proportion of the non-Hispanic white was 8.6 percent in 2008, those of African-Americans and Hispanic were 24.7 percent and 23.2 percent respectively, almost three times of that of the white (The New York Times, September 29, 2009). About one quarter of American Indians lived below the poverty line. In 2008, 30.7 percent of Hispanic, 19.1 percent of African-Americans and 14.5 percent of non-Hispanic white lived without health insurance (Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008, www.census.gov). According to a report issued by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development, a record 10,552 fair housing discrimination complaints were filed in fiscal 2008, 35 percent of which were alleged race discrimination (The Washington Post, June 10, 2009). The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported that while African-Americans make up 12 percent of the US population, they represent nearly half of new HIV infections and AIDS deaths every year (The Wall Street Journal, April 8, 2009; revised statistics released by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Employment and occupational discrimination against minority groups is very serious. Minority groups bear the brunt of the U.S. unemployment. According to news reports, the U.S. unemployment rate in October 2009 was 10.2 percent. The jobless rate of the U.S. African-Americans jumped to 15.7 percent, that of the Hispanic rose to 13.1 percent and that of the white was 9.5 percent (USA Today, November 6, 2009). Unemployment rate of the black aged between 16 and 24 saw a record high of 34.5 percent, more than three times the average rate. Unemployment rates for the black in cities such as Detroit and Milwaukee had reached 20 percent (The Washington Post, December 10, 2009). In some American Indians communities, unemployment rate was as high as 80 percent (The China Press, November 6, 2009). According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, the unemployment rate for black male college graduates aged 25 and older in 2009 has been twice that of white male college graduates, 8.4 percent compared with 4.4 percent (The New York Times, December 1, 2009). In 2008, a record number of workers filed federal job discrimination complaints, with allegations of race discrimination making up the greatest portion at more than one-third of the 95,000 total claims (AP, April 27, 2009). According to an investigation by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, a Houston-based oil and gas drilling company faced five complaints of racial harassment and discrimination (AP, November 18, 2009). According to a news report, by the end of May 2009, the black and Hispanic groups each accounted for roughly 27 percent of New York City’s population, but only 3 percent of the 11,529 firefighters were black, and about 6 percent were Hispanic since the city’s fire department unfairly excluded hundreds of qualified people of color from the opportunity to serve (The New York Times, July 23, 2009). The U.S. minority groups face discriminations in education. According to a report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Census, 33 percent of the non-Hispanic white has college degrees, proportion of the black was only 20 percent and Hispanic was 13 percent (US Bureau of Census, April 27, 2009, www.census.gov). According to a report, from 2003 to 2008, 61 percent of black applicants and 46 percent of Mexican-American applicants were denied acceptance at all of the law schools to which they applied, compared with 34 percent of white applicants (The New York Times, January 7, 2010). African-American children accounted for only 17 percent of the U.S. public school students, but accounted for 32 percent of the total number which were expelled from the schools. According to a research by the University of North Carolina and Michigan State University, most of the black juvenile believed that they were victims of racial discrimination (Science Daily, April 29, 2009). According to another study conducted among 5,000 children in Birmingham, Ala., Houston and Los Angeles, prejudice was reported by 20 percent of blacks and 15 percent of Hispanics. The study showed that racial discrimination was an important cause to mental health problems for children of varied races. Hispanic children who reported racism were more than three times as likely as other children to have symptoms of depression, blacks were more than twice as likely (USA Today, May 5, 2009). Racial discrimination in law enforcement and judicial system is very distinct. According to the U.S. Department of Justice, by the end of 2008, 3,161 men and 149 women per 100,000 persons in the U.S. black population were under imprisonment (www.ojp.usdoj.gov). The number of life imprisonment without parole given to African-American young people was ten times of that given to white young people in 25 states. The figure in California was 18 times. In major U.S. cities, there are more than one million people who were stopped and questioned by police in streets, nearly 90 percent of them were minority males. Among those questioned, 50 percent were African-Americans and 30 percent were Hispanics. Only 10 percent were white people (The China Press, October 9, 2009). A report released by New York City Police Department, of the people involved in police shootings whose ethnicity could be determined in 2008, 75 percent were black, 22 percent were Hispanic; and 3 percent were white (The New York Times, November 17, 2009). According to a report by Human Rights Watch, from 1980 to 2007, the ratio of the African-Americans being arrested for dealing drugs across the U.S. was 2.8 to 5.5 times of that of the white (www.hrw.org, March 2, 2009). Since the Sept. 11 event, discrimination against Muslims is increasing. Nearly 58 percent of Americans think Muslims are subject to “a lot” of discrimination, according to two combined surveys released by the Pew Research Center. About 73 percent of young people aged 18 to 29 are more likely to say Muslims are the most discriminated against (http://www.washingtontimes.com, September 10, 2009). Immigrants live in misery. According to a report by the U.S. branch of Amnesty International, more than 300,000 illegal immigrants were detained by U.S. immigration authorities each year, and the illegal immigrants under custody exceeded 30,000 for each single day (World Journal, March 26, 2009). At the same time, hundreds of legal immigrants were put under arrest, denied entry or even sent back under escort every year (Sing Tao Daily, April 13, 2009). A report released by the Constitution Project and Human Rights Watch revealed that from 1999 to 2008, about 1.4 million detained immigrants were transferred. Tens of thousands of longtime residents of cities like Los Angeles and Philadelphia were sent, by force, to remote immigrant jails in Texas or Louisiana (The New York Times, November 2, 2009). The New York City Bar Association received a startling petition in October 2008 which was signed by 100 men, all locked up without criminal charges in the Varick Street Detention Facility in the middle of Manhattan. The letter described their cramped, filthy quarters where dire medical needs were ignored and hungry prisoners were put to work for 1 dollar a day (The New York Times, November 2, 2009). Some detained women who were still in lactation period were denied breast pumps in the facilities, resulting in fever, pain, mastitis, and the inability to continue breastfeeding upon release (www.hrw.org, March 16, 2009). A total of 104 people have died while in custody of the Immigration and Customs Enforcement agency since October, 2003 (The Wall Street Journal, August 18, 2009). Ethnic hatred crimes are frequent. According to statistics released by the U.S. Federal Investigation Bureau on November 23, 2009, a total of 7,783 hate crimes occurred in 2008 in the United States, 51.3 percent of which were originated by racial discrimination and 19.5 percent were for religious bias and 11.5 percent were for national origins (www.fbi.gov). Among those hate crimes, more than 70 percent were against black people. In 2008, anti-black offenses accounted for 26 persons per 1,000 people, and anti-white crimes accounted for 18 persons per 1,000 people (victim characteristics, October 21, 2009, www.fbi.gov). On June 10, 2009, a white supremacist gunned down a black guard of the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum with another two wounded (The Washington Post, June 11, 2009, The Wall Street Journal, June 11, 2009). According to a report issued by the Southern Poverty Law Center, an environment of racial intolerance and ethnic hatred, fostered by anti-immigrant groups and some public officials, has helped fuel dozens of attacks on Latinos in Suffolk County of New York State during the past decade (The New York Times, September 3, 2009). V. On the Rights of Women and Children The living conditions of women and children in the United States are deteriorating and their rights are not properly guaranteed. Women do not enjoy equal social and political status as men. Women account for 51 percent of the U.S. population, but only 92 women, or 17 percent of the seats, serve in the current 111th U.S. Congress. Seventeen women serve in the Senate and 75 women serve in the House (Members of the 111th United States Congress, http://en.wikipedia.org). A study shows minorities and women are unlikely to hold top positions at big U.S. charities and nonprofits. The study reveals that women make up 18.8 percent of nonprofit CEOs compared to just 3 percent at Fortune 500 companies. Among the 400 biggest charities in the U.S., no cultural organization, hospital, public affairs group, Jewish federation or other religious organization is headed by a woman (The Washington Times, September 20, 2009). Women have difficulties in finding a job and suffer from low income and poor financial situations. According to statistics from the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), workplace discrimination charge filings with the federal agency nationwide rose to 95,402 during Fiscal Year 2008, a 15 percent increase from the previous fiscal year. Charge of workplace discrimination because of a job applicant’s sex maintained a high proportion (www.eeoc.gov, November 3, 2009). According to statistics released by the U.S. Census Bureau in September 2009, the median incomes of full-time female workers in 2008 were 35,745 U.S. dollars, 77 percent of those of corresponding men whose median earnings were 46,367 U.S. dollars, which is lower than the 78 percent in 2007 (The Wall Street Journal, September 11, 2009; www.census.gov, September 10, 2009). According to the Associated Press, a female pharmacist who had been working for Walmart for ten years was fired in 2004 for demanding the same income as her male counterparts (The Associated Press, October 5, 2009). By the end of 2008, 4.2 million, or 28.7 percent of families with a female householder where no husband is present were poor (www.census.gov, September 10, 2009). About 64 million, or 70 percent of working-age American women have no health insurance coverage, or have inadequate coverage, high medical bills or debt problems, or problems in accessing care because of cost (The China Press, May 12, 2009). Women are frequent victims of violence and sexual assault. It is reported that the United States has the highest rape rate among countries which report such statistics. It is 13 times higher than that of England and 20 times higher than that of Japan (Occurrence of rape, http://www.sa.rochester.edu). In San Diego, a string of similar attacks happened to five women who have been sexually assaulted by a home invader in March 2009 (Sing Tao Daily, March 14, 2009). According to a report released by the Pentagon, more than 2,900 sexual assaults in the military were reported in 2008, up nearly 9 percent from the year before. And of those, only 292 cases resulted in a military trial. The report said the actual numbers of such cases could be five to ten times of the reported figure (The evening news of the Columbia Broadcasting System, March 17, 2009). Reuters reported that based on in-depth interviews on 40 servicewomen, 10 said they had been raped, five said they were sexually assaulted including attempted rape, and 13 reported sexual harassment (Reuters, April 16, 2009). American children suffer from hunger and cold. A report from the U.S. Department of Agriculture showed that 16.7 million children, or one fourth of the U.S. total, had not enough food in 2008 (The Washington Post, USA Today, November 17, 2009). The food relief institution Feeding America said in a report that more than 3.5 million children under the age of five face hunger or malnutrition. This figure accounts for 17 percent of American children aged five and under. In 11 states, more than 20 percent of young children were at risk for hunger. Louisiana, with 24.2 percent, had the highest rate of child food insecurity (www.feedingamerica.org, May 7, 2009). Children at or below 18 account for more than one third of the U.S. people in poverty. Figures from the U.S. Census Bureau showed that the number of children younger than 18 who live in poverty increased from 13.3 million in 2007 to 14.1 million in 2008 (http://www.census.gov, The Washington Post, September 11, 2009). According to statistics from the U.S-based National Center on Family Homelessness, from 2005 to 2006, more than 1.5 million children, or one in every 50 children, were homeless in the U.S. every year. Among the homeless children, 42 percent were younger than 6 and the majority were African-Americans and Indians (CNN.com, MSNBUC.com, March 10, 2009). In 2008, nearly one tenth of the children in the United States were not covered by health insurance. It was reported that about 7.3 million children, or 9.9 percent of the American total, were without health insurance in 2008. In Nevada, 20.2 percent of the children were uncovered by insurance (http://www.census.gov, the Washington Post, September 21). On August 13, 2009, a state board voted that California will begin terminating health insurance for more than 60,000 children on October 1. The program could ultimately drop nearly 670,000 children by the end of June 2010 (The Los Angeles Times, The China Press, August 14, 2009). A research led by the Johns Hopkins Children’s Center showed that lack of health insurance might have led or contributed to nearly 17,000 deaths among hospitalized children in the U.S. in the span of less than two decades (Journal of Public Health, October 30, 2009). The A/H1N1 flu has infected about 8 million children under 18 from April to October 2009, killing 540 of them, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention of the United States (USA Today, The Wall Street Journal, November 13, 2009). Children are exposed to violence and living in fear. It is reported that 1,494 children younger than 18 nationwide were murdered in 2008 (USA Today, October 8, 2009). A report released by the Health Department of the New York City on June 16, 2009 showed that between 2001 and 2007, the national average rate of child deaths was 20 per 100,000 children aged 1 to 12 years. Homicide rates were 1.3 deaths per 100,000 among the group (http://www.nyc.gov). A survey conducted by the U.S. Justice Department on 4,549 kids and adolescents aged 17 and younger between January and May of 2008 showed, more than 60 percent of children surveyed were exposed to violence within the past year, either directly or indirectly. Nearly half of all children surveyed were assaulted at least once in the past year, about 6 percent were victimized sexually, and 13 percent reported having been physically bullied in the past year (The Associated Press, October 7, 2009). There have been at least 1,227 children died from abuse or neglect in Texas since 2002 (The Houston Chronicle, October 22, 2009). According to research of U.S.-based institution and public health media reports, in the U.S., one third of children who run away or were expelled from home performed sexual acts in exchange for food, drugs and a place to stay every year. The justice system no longer considers them as young victims, but as juvenile offenders (The China Press, October 28, 2009). Child farmworkers are prevalent. An organization devoted to protecting children’s rights disclosed that as many as 400,000 children are estimated to work on U.S. farms. Davis Strauss, executive director of the Association of Farmworker Opportunity Programs, noted that for decades, children, some as young as eight years old, have labored in the fields using sharp tools and toiling amongst dangerous pesticides. The association’s president Ernie Flores said children account for about 20 percent of all farm fatalities in the United States (Spain’s Uprising newspaper, October 14, 2009). A labor standards act permits a child beyond 13 to work in heat for long time in a farm, but does not permit that child to work in an air-conditioned office and even forbids them working in a fast food restaurant. The U.S. is the only country in the world that does not apply parole system to minors. Detentions of juveniles have increased 44 percent from 1985 to 2002. Many children only committed only minor crimes but could not get assistance from lawyers. Many procurators and judges turned a blind eye on abuse in juvenile prisons. VI. On U.S. Violations of Human Rights against Other Nations The United States with its strong military power has pursued hegemony in the world, trampling upon the sovereignty of other countries and trespassing their human rights. As the world’s biggest arms seller, its deals have greatly fueled instability across the world. The United States also expanded its military spending, already the largest in the world, by 10 percent in 2008 to 607 billion U.S. dollars, accounting for 42 percent of the world total (The AP, June 9, 2009). According to a report by the U.S. Congress, the U.S. foreign arms sales in 2008 soared to 37.8 billion U.S. dollars from 25.4 billion a year earlier, up by nearly 50 percent, accounting for 68.4 percent of the global arms sales that were at its four-year low (Reuters, September 6, 2009). At the beginning of 2010, the U.S. government announced a 6.4-billion-U.S. dollar arms sales package to Taiwan despite strong protest from the Chinese government and people, which seriously damaged China’s national security interests and aroused strong indignation among the Chinese people. The wars of Iraq and Afghanistan have placed heavy burden on American people and brought tremendous casualties and property losses to the people of Iraq and Afghanistan. The war in Iraq has led to the death of more than 1million Iraqi civilians, rendered an equal number of people homeless and incurred huge economic losses. In Afghanistan, incidents of the U.S. army killing innocent people still keep occurring. Five Afghan farmers were killed in a U.S. air strike when they were loading cucumbers into a van on August 5, 2009 (http://www.rawa.org). On June 8, the U.S. Department of Defense admitted that the U.S. raid on Taliban on May 5 caused death of Afghan civilians as the military failed to abide by due procedures. The Afghan authorities have identified 147 civilian victims, including women and children, while a U.S. officer put the death toll under 30 (The Philadelphia Inquirer, June 9, 2009). Prisoner abuse is one of the biggest human rights scandals of the United States. A report presented to the 10th meeting of Human Rights Council of the United Nations in 2009 by its Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms while countering terrorism showed that the United States has pursued a comprehensive set of practices including special deportation, long-term and secret detentions and acts violating the United Nations Convention against Torture. The rapporteur also said, in a report submitted to the 64th General Assembly of the United Nations, that the United States and its private contractors tortured male Muslims detained in Iraq and other places by stacking the naked prisoners in pyramid formation, coercing the homosexual sexual behaviors and stripping them in stark nakedness (The Washington Post, April 7, 2009). The U.S. Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) has begun interrogation by torture since 2002. The U.S. government lawyers disclosed that since 2001, CIA has destroyed 92 videotapes relating to the interrogation to suspected terrorists, 12 of them including the use of torture (The Washington Post, March 3, 2009). The CIA interrogators used a handgun and an electric drill to frighten a captured al-Qaeda commander into giving up information (The Washington Post, August 22, 2009). The U.S. Justice Department memos revealed the CIA kept prisoners shackled in a standing position for as long as 180 hours, more than a dozen of them deprived of sleep for at least 48 hours, three for more than 96 hours, and one for the nearly eight-day maximum. Another seemed to endorse sleep deprivation for 11 days, stated on one memo (http://www.chron.com). The CIA interrogators used waterboarding 183 times against the accused 9/11 major plotter Khalid Sheikh Mohammed, and 83 times against suspected Al-Qaeda leader Abu Zubaydah (The New York Times, April 20, 2009). A freed Guantanamo prisoner said he experienced the “medieval” torture at Guantanamo Bay and in a secret CIA prison in Kabul (AFP, London, March 7, 2009). In June 2006, three Guantanamo Bay inmates could have been suffocated to death during interrogation on the same evening and their deaths passed off as suicides by hanging, revealed by a six-month joint investigation for Harpers Magazine and NBC News in 2009 (www.guardian.co.uk, January 18, 2010). A Somali named Mohamed Saleban Bare, jailed at Guantanamo Bay for eight years, told AFP the prison was “hell on earth” and some of his colleagues lost sight and limbs and others ended up mentally disturbed (AFP, Hargisa, Somali, December 21, 2009). A 31-year-old Yemeni detainee at Guantanamo Bay who had been on a long hunger strike apparently committed suicide in 2009 after four prior suicide deaths beginning at 2002 (The New York Times, June 3, 2009). The U.S. government held more than 600 prisoners at Bagram Air Base, Afghanistan. A United Nations report singled out the Bagram detention facility for criticism, saying some ex-detainees allege being subjected to severe torture, even sexual abuse, and some prisoners put under detention for as long as five years. It also reported that some were held in cages containing 15 to 20 men and that two detainees died in questionable circumstances while in custody (IPS, New York, February 25, 2009). An investigation by U.S. Justice Department showed 2,000 Taliban surrendered combatants were suffocated to death by the U.S. army-controlled Afghan armed forces (http://www.yourpolicicsusa.com, July 16, 2009). The United States has been building its military bases around the world, and cases of violation of local people’s human rights are often seen. The United States is now maintaining 900 bases worldwide, with more than 190,000 military personnel and 115,000 relevant staff stationed. These bases are bringing serious damage and environmental contamination to the localities. Toxic substances caused by bomb explosions are taking their tolls on the local children. It has been reported that toward the end of the U.S. military bases’ presence in Subic and Clark, as many as 3,000 cases of raping the local women had been filed against the U.S. servicemen, but all were dismissed (http://www.lexisnexis.com, May 17, 2009). The United States has been maintaining its economic, commercial and financial embargo against Cuba for almost 50 years. The blockade has caused an accumulated direct economic loss of more than 93 billion U.S. dollars to Cuba. On October 28, 2009, the 64th session of the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution on the “Necessity of ending the economic, commercial and financial embargo imposed by the United States of America against Cuba,” with a recorded vote of 187 in favor to three against, and two abstentions. This marked the 18th consecutive year the assembly had overwhelmingly called on the United States to lift the blockade without delay (Overwhelming International Rejection of US Blockade of Cuba at UN, www.cubanews.ain.cu). The United States is pushing its hegemony under the pretence of “Internet freedom.” The United States monopolizes the strategic resources of the global Internet, and has been retaining a tight grip over the Internet ever since its first appearance. There are currently 13 root servers of Internet worldwide, and the United States is the place where the only main root server and nine out of the rest 12 root servers are located. All the root servers are managed by the ICANN (Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers), which is, by the authority of the U.S. government, responsible for the management of the global root server system, the domain name system and the Internet Protocol address. The United States has declined all the requests from other countries as well as international organizations including the United Nations to break the U.S. monopoly over the root servers and to decentralize its management power over the Internet. The United States has been intervening in other countries’ domestic affairs in various ways taking advantage of its control over Internet resources. The United States has a special troop of hackers, which is made up of hacker proficients recruited from all over the world. When post-election unrest broke out in Iran in the summer of 2009, the defeated reformist camp and its advocators used Internet tools such as Twitter to spread their messages. The U.S. State Department asked the operator of Twitter to delay its scheduled maintenance to assist with the opposition in creating a favorable momentum of public opinion. In May 2009, one web company, prompted by the U.S. authorities, blocked its Messenger instant messaging service in five countries including Cuba. The United States is using a global interception system named “ECHELON” to eavesdrop on communications worldwide. A report of the European Parliament pointed out that the “ECHELON” system is a network controlled by the United States for intelligence gathering and analyzing. The system is able to intercept and monitor the content of telephone calls, fax, e-mail and other digital information transmitted via public telephone networks, satellites and microwave links. The European Parliament has criticized the United States for using its “ECHELON” system to commit crimes such as civilian’s privacy infringement or state-conducted industrial espionage, among which was the most striking case of Saudi Arabia’s 6-billion-dollar aircraft contract (see Wikipedia). Telephone calls of British Princess Diana had been intercepted and eavesdropped because her global campaign against land-mines was in conflict with the U.S. policies. The Washington Post once reported that such spying activities conducted by the U.S. authorities were reminiscent of the Vietnam War when the United States imposed wiretapping and surveillance upon domestic anti-war activists. The United States ignores international human rights conventions, and takes a passive attitude toward international human rights obligations. It signed the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 32 years ago and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 29 years ago, but has ratified neither of them yet. It has not ratified the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities either. On Sept. 13, 2007, the 61st UN General Assembly voted to adopt the Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, which has been the UN’s most authoritative and comprehensive document to protect the rights of indigenous peoples. The United States also refused to recognize the declaration. The above-mentioned facts show that the United States not only has a bad domestic human rights record, but also is a major source of many human rights disasters around the world. For a long time, it has placed itself above other countries, considered itself “world human rights police” and ignored its own serious human rights problems. It releases Country Reports on Human Rights Practices year after year to accuse other countries and takes human rights as a political instrument to interfere in other countries’ internal affairs, defame other nations’ image and seek its own strategic interests. This fully exposes its double standards on the human rights issue, and has inevitably drawn resolute opposition and strong denouncement from world people. At a time when the world is suffering a serious human rights disaster caused by the U.S. subprime crisis-induced global financial crisis, the U.S. government still ignores its own serious human rights problems but revels in accusing other countries. It is really a pity. We hereby advise the U.S. government to draw lessons from the history, put itself in a correct position, strive to improve its own human rights conditions and rectify its acts in the human rights field. 新华网链接地点:http://news.xinhuanet.com/world/2010-03/12/content_13158507_4.htm 英文链接地点为:http://news.xinhuanet.com/english2010/china/2010-03/12/c_13208219.htm 编审:山述兰

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我校与宁波出入境检验检疫局签署合作协议书

9月6日上午,我校与宁波出入境检验检疫局在宁波出入境检验检疫局签署了单方配合的框架性协议。 协议划定,单方本着优势互补、资源共享的原则,在人才培养、科学研究和社会服务等方面发展全面配合。通过单方配合,共建人才培养基地和各级科技研发机关,增强应对国际技术贸易办法和服务社会的威力,提升单方的科技水平和社会影响,促进单方共同发展。在全面配合的框架性协议下,单方就关于共建研究生结合培养基地和组建浙江纺织服装检测技术研究所达成了具体的配合协定。 副校长陈文兴、校长助理朱根弟、宁波出入境检验检疫局局长山巍、副局长王松青,我校研究生部、科技处、校友办、材料与纺织学院有关负责人,宁波出入境检验检疫局科技处、技术中心、鄞州分局负责人及有关职员出席仪式。 王松青和朱根弟前后致辞,分别先容了各自单位的发展历程和失掉的成就,表白了对单方配合的优秀祝愿。随后,陈文兴和王松青代表单方在配合协议书上签了字。

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浙江省青年研究会三届五次理事会在我校召开

    5月9日下昼,浙江省青年研讨会三届五次理事会在我校召开。团省委副书记、省青年研讨会会长苗伟伦,校党委副书记朱永康,省青年研讨会常务副会长汪茵,省青年研讨会副会长钱永祥、徐峻蔚,各地市、企业、高校共77名理事成员出席会议。会议由团省委办公室主任、省青年研讨会常务副会长金进富掌管。     首先,校党委副书记朱永康代表黉舍致欢迎辞,他介绍了浙江财经大学的基本概况,强调青年是祖国的未来和民族的希望,省青年研讨会是我省青少年实际研讨事情的重要力气,并预祝本次会议失掉美满
成功。     会上,团省委副书记、省青年研讨会会长苗伟伦作了讲话。他强调,作为青年研讨会要对峙学术导向、青年导向、问题导向、服务导向。要将青年事情作为主业,掌握青年研讨课题的学术性与原创性,存眷青年的历史性与时代性,了解青年组织,关切青年参与社会实践的问题。紧扣青年自身多元化的发展特点,对峙与时俱进的创新肉体,对峙严谨求学的学术肉体,对峙经世致用的实践肉体,不竭晋升研讨能力和水平。他指出,只有增强青年研讨,能力掌握青年的需求,能力提供有效的服务,能力更好地吸收青年、凝聚青年、团结青年。因此,广大团干部和青年研讨事情者要在当前的形势下,深刻地认识到做好青年研讨事情的重要性和紧迫性,抓住机遇,牢记责任,幸不辱命,不负重托,开创我省青年研讨事情的崭新局面。     理事会上,还听取了省青年研讨会2013年事情回顾与2014年事情介绍;经由过程了省青年研讨会三届五次理事会调整、增补与卸免常务副会长、副会长常务理事、理事名单;对2013年度青年研讨会事情先进单位举行表扬,浙江工商大学杭州商学院团委、浙江财经大学东方学院团委、中国美术学院团委获得先进单位。     本次会议由团省委和省青年研讨会主办、我校团委承办,周到、热忱、细致的会务服务遭到了预会领导和代表的充分肯定。此次会议对培育肉体富有的浙江青少年,增强青年人才队伍建设等方面举行了重点研讨与实际探索,促进了全省共青团和青少年实际研讨制度化、规范化,对进一步晋升我省青少年和青年研讨事情实际水平具有重要的指导意义。

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我校获2017年省级大学生竞赛项目2项

日前,四川省教育厅公布了2017年省级大学生竞赛名目名单,我校新闻传播学院申报的“四川省大学生主持人大赛”、环境迷信与工程学院申报的“四川省大学生环保科普创意大赛”胜利入选2017年省级大学生竞赛名目。 据悉,本次教育厅共收到本科组赛项申报计划95份,最后立项28项。

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学校举办多媒体课件制作培训班

  由学校教务处、校工会主办,教育信息技术学系协办的多媒体课件制作培训运动近日结束。本次培训主要针对教养单位的初学者而举办,其目的是为了帮忙老师更好地掌握现代教养技能,进一步进步多媒体教养课件的制作水平,促进多媒体教养。培训运动遭到了广大老师的欢迎,要求加入培训的老师报名踊跃,培训班名额很快爆满。   此次培训分三块内容,一是多媒体CAI课件素材的获得
与制作,二是Powerpoint2002演示型课件制作实例,三是Authorware6.0专业型课件制作实例,加入培训人员可按照自己的需求任意选择。教育信息技术学派出了雷运发、莫云峰、孙晓勇三位教员担任主讲,加入培训的老师遍及感到播种很大。近70位老师加入了本次培训。                                      (校工会)

Categories: 九卅娱乐

我校董秀成教授获批2014年度享受政府特殊津贴专家

  近日,经国务院同意,人力资源社会保障部公布了2014年享用政府特殊津贴职员名单,我校电气与电子信息学院董秀成教授获批享用政府特殊津贴专家 。   国务院同意建立的政府特殊津贴轨制是党和政府关心爱护宽大专业技术人材、高技巧人材,加强高层次、高技巧人材队伍建设的一项重大举措,也是给在实际工作中做出突出贡献的优良专家、学者、技术职员的一项荣誉与特殊物质奖励。         据悉,该轨制自1990年开始实行,享用政府特殊津贴职员每两年提拔
一次,采取自下而上逐级推荐办法,选报职员包孕两类:一类为专业技术职员,一类为高技巧职员,对经同意的享用职员,授权人力资源和社会保障部颁发政府特殊津贴证书。 截至目前,我校荣获此项殊荣的教师已达12名。   编审:王蜀苏

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数位专家学者聚会西华师大 为环工学院学科建设支招

4月26日下昼,西华师范大学环境迷信与工程学院在华凤校区办公大楼六楼会议室召开学科建设座谈会。北大环境学院教学、中国工程院院士张远航,北大环境学院教学谢绍东、曾立民,国度“千人企图”专家、中国气象迷信研讨院研讨员龚山陵,中国迷信院大学资源与环境学院副院长、国科大教务部部长张功臣,重庆市环境迷信研讨院研讨员翟崇治,四川省环境政策研讨与规划院研讨员罗彬缺席座谈会,座谈会由副校长刘进掌管。 刘进在致辞中代表学校向莅临我校的专家学者默示热烈欢迎,并介绍了学校的生长进程和学科建设情况。 环境迷信与工程学院院长黎云祥汇报了学院的生长进程和近况,联合环境迷信与工程一级学科申请条件,重点剖析了学科建设中面临的主要问题和困难。 预会专家学者围绕学科定位与特征方向、平台建设、人才引进、学术交流等多方面问题进行了深入会商,提出了许多建设性的意见和建议。专家们认为,要认真研讨一级学科申请基本条件,对比
条件分解任务,有针对性地补齐短板;要创新体制机制,灵敏

伶牙俐齿引进学科带头人等高层次人才;要加大对高水平科研结果的激励力度和对项目申报、学术交流的支撑力度;要围绕地域特征组建科研团队,凝练研讨特征;要加强校内相干
学科的协同配合,整合学科资源。 刘进在总结发言中向各位专家表达了诚挚的谢意。他说,环境学院虽然建院历史短,但生长势头优秀,目前的当务之急是学术团队建设和学科平台建设。他进展环境学院进一步凝心聚力、自动作为,加强对内沟通、对外交流,联合本身
实际,找准将来的生长之路。 座谈会后,张远航在图书馆学术厅围绕大气污染的形成机制、大气污染防治战略与控制对策的变化趋向、大气污染防治的科技需要等三个方面作了题为“大气污染防治的生长进程与科技需要”的学术报告。他指出,大气污染防治应从前体物总量减排转向多方向多目标约束管理,不克不及只存眷PM2.5和O3,还要充分注重对挥发性有机物(VOCs)及氮氧化物(NOx)的迷信减排,最大水平减少二次污染物的形成。虽然我国目前的大气污染现象依然
比较严重,但由于总体上把握了典范区域的污染主控因子,开展了污染防控技术的研讨,在典范区域的大气污染治理中取得了一定的结果。 教务处负责人,环境迷信与工程学院全体师生,加入座谈会的专家学者,南充市生态环境局工作人员总计300余人聆听报告。  

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